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Sydney Brenner, who helped decode the genetic code, dies at 92



Sydney Brenner, who helped decode the genetic code, dies at 92

Sydney Brenner, a professor at the Institute of Molecular Science at Berkeley, California, at this press conference announces the October 8, 2002 gesture during a press conference in Munich, Germany. Brenner died, a biologist who rewarded the Nobel Prize and helped decode the genetic code and whose roundworm research lay the foundations for decades of human disease research. Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California stated that Brenner died on Friday, April 5, 2019 in Singapore. He was 92 years old. (AP Photo / Jan Pitman, File)

Died by Sydney Brenner, a biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize, helped to decipher the genetic code and whose research on the round waves caused a new area of ​​human disease research. He was 92 years old.


The Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California, where Brenner spent part of his seven-decade career, said he died on Friday in Singapore.

"He will remember forever for his brilliant discoveries that have introduced a new era of science and a new generation of scientists," said Ronald Evans, a biologist at the institute.

In 2002, Brenner shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his contribution to discovering how genes control the cell division. He and his two colleagues, John Sulston and Robert Horvitz, followed a transparent round worm known as C. elegans to determine how the cells share and create something new.

Findings about programmed cell death were key to understanding cancer development and laid the foundation for creating C. elegans as the main model of the organism in research.

His most important contribution to science, however, was the work he did with Francis Crick, the DNA finder, and others to determine the genetic code. In 1961, DNA showed that DNA consists of a series of three nucleotides called codons that encode amino acids that make up the protein.

Sydney Brenner, who helped decode the genetic code, dies at 92

On Monday, December 10, 2002, photo, Sydney Brenner from South Africa, left, received the Nobel Prize for Medicine from King Carl Gustaf from Sweden, right, during the ceremony at the Stockholm Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden. Dr. Brenner, from the Institute of Molecular Science, Berkeley, California, shared the award with H. Robert Horvitz from the United States and John E. Sulston of Britain. Dr. Sydney Brenner, a biologist who rewarded the Nobel Prize and helped to decipher the genetic code and whose roundworm research has laid the foundations for decades of human disease research, has died. Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California, said Brenner died on Friday, April 5, 2019 in Singapore. He was 92 years old. (AP Photo / Henrik Montgomery / Pool, file)

He also helped detect the messenger RNA, a molecule that directs the production of amino acids in the cell.

Born in 1927 in South Africa, Brenner spent most of his career in Britain and had a doctorate at Oxford University. Later he joined the Cambridge University and shared office with Crick for 20 years.

Sydney Brenner, who helped decode the genetic code, dies at 92

In this photo, October 29, 2003, the Nobel Prize winner Dr. Sydney Brenner from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego, California, held a lecture at the opening of Biopolis in Singapore. Dr. Brenner, a biologist who rewarded the Nobel Prize and helped to decipher the genetic code and whose roundworm research has laid the foundations for decades of human disease research, has died. Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California stated that Brenner died on Friday, April 5, 2019 in Singapore. He was 92 years old. (AP Photo / Wong Maye, file)

At the beginning of the 1990s, Brenner went to California where he first worked at the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolli, and later joined Cricku as a distinguished professor at the Salk Institute. The last part of his career was spent in building biomedical sciences in Singapore, where he became his first honorary citizen.

Brenner survived three children. His wife died in 2010.


John Sulston, who decoded the human genome, dies in 75 years


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