According to a new study, nearly 2,000 species of unknown bowel bacteria have been discovered in the human digestive tract. The findings were made by researchers from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and the European Bioinformatics Institute, where the team identified nearly 2,000 species using computer methods. These recently-identified types of intestinal bacteria at this time were not bred in the laboratory.
Human intestinal bacteria are mysteries that are still being discovered. An increasing number of studies link intestinal bacteria with various health benefits and potential health consequences, and colonies shape things like antibiotic and diet use. Scientists still have to learn a lot about the microbiotics of the intestine, including those strains that are in it.
According to a recent study published Nature, researchers used computer methods for analyzing samples taken from people around the world. These tools have enabled researchers to determine which types of bacteria are present and that they are not actually grown in the laboratory.
Work could one day lead to something like "sketch" of human intestinal bacteria, but it still has work. According to researchers, intestinal bacteria differ around the world and still lack adequate samples outside the European and North American populations. Speaking about it, EMBL-EBI leader Rob Finn, who said:
We see many types of bacteria appear in data from European and North American populations. However, several South American and African data sets that we have accessed in this study have revealed significant diversity that is not present in the former populations. This suggests that collecting data from under-represented populations is of crucial importance if we want to achieve a truly complete picture of the human intestines.