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Can robots build their base on their own? Japan hopes to find it.



The Japanese Space Agency wants to create a monthly base with the help of robots that can work independently, with little human control.

The project, which has so far conducted three years of research, is the collaboration between the Japan Space Research Institute (JAXA), the construction company Kajima Corp. and three Japanese universities: the Shibaura Institute of Technology, the University of Electrical Engineering and the Kyoto University.

Recently, co-operation was carried out by an experiment on automated construction at the location of the experiment Kajima Seisho in Odawari (central Japan).

Related: Moon bases: how to build a lunar colony (photos)

The moon's base can be built remotely.

(Picture: © JAXA)

The 7-tonne autonomous excavator has gone its footsteps on the construction site, passing through procedures such as driving a certain distance and repetitive routine operations, JAXA officers according to a statement, Operations that required more fine handling were carried out with people, remote control.

"[The backhoe] has been modified with instrument on board and automatic control console. Instruments that the tractor and excavator install are self-contained [the backhoe’s] position and direction … making it both remotely and automatically manageable, "say JAXA officials.

"The operational process has demonstrated the feasibility of unmanned technologies for building a moonlight base," they added.

Figure 1 of 4

autonomous construction of the moon base

(Image: © 2019 Kajima Corporation)

Four Steps to Monthly Construction: Step 1

Prepare a place for a human housing module.

Figure 2 of 4

autonomous construction of the moon base

(Image: © 2019 Kajima Corporation)

Four Steps to Structure the Monthly Basis: Step 2

Isch that meets the required depth.

Figure 3 of 4

autonomous construction of the moon base

(Image: © 2019 Kajima Corporation)

Four Steps to Structure the Moon Basis: Step 3

Module installation.

Figure 4 of 4

autonomous construction of the moon base

(Image: © 2019 Kajima Corporation)

Four Steps to Build a Monthly Base: Step 4

Protect the module with surface material to protect it from meteoroids and radiation.

The excavator is equipped with a range of technologies to help him work independently on the Moon, located 2 seconds away from Earth. In other words, any orders sent from Earth should take about 2 seconds to reach the Moon surface. (Average the distance between Earth and Moon is about 239,000 miles or 384,000 kilometers).

JAXA has used this self-managed tractor to work for a day to build a monthly base.

(Picture: © JAXA)

The excavator has "operational support," including remote control functions, which can help compensate for delays in communication, said JAXA officials. It also has the ability to recognize movements that can be adapted to the lunar environment and the ability to coordinate work across multiple machines.

A self-managed excavator, such as this one used in the JAXA test, could one day help build a moon base.

(Picture: © JAXA)

Building a human base with remote, autonomous management will require works on site preparation, excavation, installation of modules, and then it protects it from moonlight dust (regolith) to protect people from radiation and possible meteoroids, officials of JAXA said. Meteoroids are grain size or larger spatial rocks that travel through space at high speeds. If meteoroids hit into a structure such as a space station or a lunar base, there is a risk that oxygen within the structure suddenly escapes into the universe.

This is not the only Japanese futuristic lunar venture. In mid-March, JAXA announced it and Toyota's vehicle manufacturer Create a rover for the moon JAXA hopes to have its astronauts on the Moon by 2030. according to Sky News, and her partner at the International Space Station, USA, has similar ambitions.

By the end of last month, US Vice President Mike Pence NASA has given NASA to land on the Moon by the end of 2024, approximately at the same time ISS can be withdrawn from the state service. NASA also designs the space station Lunar Gateway for operations in the 2020s. In March, Canada was the first partner of the space station to sign up to Gateway; will construct an autonomous robotic arm called Canadarm3.

The year 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the first time people walked for the Moon. The actual date was July 20, 1969, when Apollos astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin spent about 2 hours on foot, exploring Moonlight Peace.

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