The Chinese prosperity space program has reached a historic milestone yesterday: landing on the so-called hidden face of the moon.
Only three countries (the US, the former Soviet Union and China) They sent the spacecraft to the nearest side of the Earth, visible to Earth, but this was the first time it landed on the far side.
Chinese National Space Administration announced that Lunar Moon landing Chang Chang,opened a new chapter in the human exploration of the moon. "
The image that Chang was sent to Earth 4 It shows a small crater and a dry surface that looks like it is illuminated by the light of the boat itself. His name comes from a Chinese goddess who, according to legend, lived on the moon for thousands of years.
Pioneering landing on the moon places the focus on China's growing ambitions against its rivals USA, Russia and Europe in space, consolidating the position of the Asian diva as a global force.
"All in all, Chinese space technology still stands behind the west, but landing on the dark side of the moon, we moved forward." said Hou Xiyun, a professor at the School of Astronomy and Space Sciences at Nanjing University.
According to Hou, China has Mars, Jupiter and asteroids in its sights: "There is no doubt that our people will go on and on."
2013, Chang # 3, the ship that preceded the current mission, made the first moon slip from the Soviet probe Month 24 1976. The United States is the only country that has managed to successfully bring man to satellite, even though China is also considering a mission to the crew.
currently, Peking plans to ship the Chang Chang 5th Month next year and return it to the Earth with samples, something that does not happen from the Soviet mission in 1976.
The relatively undiscovered hidden face of the moon has a different composition from the nearest side, where the previous space missions arrived.
Mission Chang # 4, which has a rover, includes low frequency radiofrequency observations and studies of the structure and mineral composition of the soil above and below the surface.
"The hidden face of the moon is a rare place, free from the interference of radio signals from Earth", said mission spokeswoman Yu Guobin, according to Xinhua's official news agency.
"This probe can fill the gap in radio-astronomical low frequency observation and provide important information for studying star origin and evolution of nebula."
One of the challenges of working on that side of the satellite is communication with the Earth, China launched a satellite transfer in May so that Chang # 4 can send mission control information.
China made its first space mission with human beings in 2003 and became the third country to do so Russia and the USA. It has two space stations in orbit and plans to send a rover to Mars in mid-2020.
Its space program last year had an unusual drop for failure in launching its Long March 5 missile.
Environmental studies The Chinese probe mission will perform the tasks of astronomical observation of low frequency radiofrequency devices, detection of the mineral composition and the structure of the shallow surface of the moon, as well as measurements of neutron and neutral radiation to study what the environment is in the hidden face of the moon.
Culture. Vegetables and flowers are planned in hermetically sealed packaging, as part of a series of experiments designed by 28 universities in China.
Crew tour project. The end goal of this program is the mission with the crew on the moon, although the date is not determined and some experts set it up in about 2036.