Scientists are expected on Wednesday to find the first black hole photograph, a breakthrough in astrophysics that provides insight into celestial monsters with gravitational fields that are so intense, no matter how light can escape.
The United States National Science Foundation has scheduled a press conference in Washington to announce the "revolutionary outcome of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) project", an international partnership established in 2012 to look directly at the immediate black hole environment.
Concurrent conferences are planned in Brussels, Santiago, Shanghai, Taipei and Tokyo.
The Horizon of the Black Hole Event, one of the most unbelievable places in the universe, is the point of no return, behind which all – stars, planets, gas, dust, all forms of electromagnetic radiation, including light – irretrievably retractable.
While researchers who participated in the research refused to disclose findings before the formal announcement, they are clear about their goals.
"It is a visionary project to capture the first photograph of the black hole. We have more than 200 people at international level," said astrophysicist Sheperd Doeleman, director of Event Horizon Telescope at the Astrophysics Center, Harvard and Smithsonian. event in Texas.
The press conference is scheduled for Wednesday at 9 am.
The research will test the science column – the theory of general relativity of physicist Albert Einstein, according to Arizona astrophysicist Dimitrios Psaltis, a project scientist for the Event Horizon Telescope. This theory, introduced in 1915, was intended to explain the laws of gravity and their relation to other natural forces.
The researchers targeted two super-massive black holes.
The first – known Sagittarius A – is located in the center of our Galaxy Milky Way Galaxy, with 4 million times the mass of our Sun and 26,000 light years from Earth. The light year is the distance that light travels in the year, 9.5 trillion kilometers.
The second – the so-called M87 – is located in the center of the neighboring galaxy of Virgin A, weighs 3.5 billion times more than the Sun and is 54 million light years away from Earth. The discharge of the M87 almost at the speed of light is a humongous jet from the subatomic particles.