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Cancer rates increase, with 145,000 new cases in Australia in 2019



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The cancer will be diagnosed this year in around 145,000 Australians and will kill about 136 people every day.

While survival rates have increased, cancer incidence is also increasing.

However, cancer is no longer considered a bad luck because more evidence has identified key lifestyle changes that you can do to prevent "big C".

One-third of all cancer cases can be avoided by changing bad habits – 43,500 cases a year.

Research Sunday Telegraph explores the highest rates of cancer in your area, showing which types of cancer you are most likely to be exposed to – and which life choices you can make to prevent them.

Women on the north coast of Sydney have the highest incidence of breast cancer in NSW, while men living in Murrumbidgee have the highest prevalence of prostate cancer in the state. North NSW has the highest incidence of all cancers together, and Western Sydney has the lowest incidence.

Although there are many social, cultural and genetic determinants that contribute to the risk, NSW Cancer Counselor Anita Dessaix, Director of Cancer Prevention, said that you can dramatically reduce cancer risk by making simple changes in lifestyle and participating in state breast screening programs, prostate cancer and cervical cancer.

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While breast, prostate and bowel cancer is most commonly diagnosed, lung cancer remains the biggest killer in Australia, and smoking or smoking exposure contributes to the largest number of cancer cases each year, and is estimated to amount to as many as 16,000.

South West Sydney has the highest rate of lung cancer in the state in 49 cases per 100,000 people compared to the national average of 44 per 100,000. Statistics View NSW Health also reveals that Southwestern Sydney has the largest share (16 percent) of adults breathing. North Sydney has the lowest smoking rate (5.5 percent) and the lowest rate of lung cancer (31 cases per 100,000).

Tobacco avoidance is the biggest problem in avoiding lung cancer, as well as avoiding excessive exposure to UV radiation, causing 7200 skin cancer per year.

But diet, obesity and alcohol consumption also appear as a serious risk factor.

Inadequate nutrition (too much meat, insufficient fruit, vegetables and fiber) is estimated to cause 7,000 cancer cases every year, while overweight or obesity contributes to 4,000 cancer cases per year, Dessaix said.

"For those types of cancer we know that can be prevented, the key risk factors we describe as factors that can be changed include smoking tobacco, avoiding harmful and excessive exposure to UV radiation and maintaining healthy weight," said Mrs Dessaix.

"It is known that there is a risk of alcohol and cancer so those who have decided to consume it should do it moderately, reducing the amount of red and processed meat.

"We know about the consumption of fruits and vegetables where there is no need to be and plays an important role (as it does) to maintain a physically active lifestyle."

Northern NSW can have a picture of a healthy lifestyle, but has the highest rate of total cancer.

media_cameraLocal Merryn McLachlan of Northern Beaches has been diagnosed with breast cancer in the 30s. Image: Tim Hunter.

The national average for all types of cancer is 497 cases per 100,000, but the NSW rate is 546.

Its sunny, lifestyle on the beach, coupled with the high white population and the aging of the sea, means that it is almost twice the national percentage of melanoma – 90 cases to a national rate of 49 to 100,000. Excessive UV exposure causes 95% melanoma.

Jenny Thulborn of Tweed Head had burned another basal cell car last week, but she was self-proclaimed a "living miracle" after surviving the melanoma stage 4, diagnosed only for 30 years.

"In my childhood I was always in the sun, and in my late teenage years I was tanned with Reef Oil and in my twenties I used a solarium," said the blond, dark-haired mom.

"I was diagnosed with melanoma on my back after I gave birth to another kid. But 17 years later, at the age of 47, I had a 39 mm brain and lung tumor, "he said, now a 55-year-old.

He is alive thanks to new immunotherapy drugs, but he tries to expand the message so he does not sunbathe.

Western Sydney has the lowest rate of cancer incidence with 471 cases per 100,000, 26 cases below the national average.

Both Western Sydney and southwestern Sydney have the lowest melanoma rates, which are considered to be partly due to larger migrant populations with protective darker skin and cultural concealment requirements.

And while the link between smoking and lung cancer is clear, new research shows that poor nutrition is almost equivalent to over-exposure to UV radiation due to cancer causation.

"If we look at the inadequate diet that consists of eating meat, fiber, fruits and vegetables, it makes about 7,000 cases of cancer in Australia. Excessive body weight and obesity, which occurs to about 4000 cancer cases per year, "said Ms. Dessaix.

According to NSW statistics, hospitalization due to overweight and obesity is mostly in Gundagai, Wagga Wagga, Cobar and Bourke. In Sydney there are Blacktown and Campbelltown.

Terry Slevin from Australia's Public Health Association says obesity has become the main player in the most common types of cancer.

"Large obesity for obesity is breast cancer and colorectal cancer, but also in the esophagus, endometrium and many others," said Mr. Slevin.

Cancer Research has estimated that the price of cancer for Australian health care was over $ 6.3 billion in the four-year period between 2009 and 2013. The highest costs are associated with bowel cancer ($ 1.1 billion), breast cancer (0, $ 8 billion). lung cancer ($ 0.6 billion) and prostate cancer ($ 0.5 billion).

Prevention is much cheaper than treatment, said Mr. Slevin.

media_cameraResidents of Wagga Wagge, Kym Holbrook, are diagnosed with prostate cancer.

"We have to invest in prevention, our argument is to put less than 2 percent on prevention, and to include appropriate programs of early detection and screening. We need to invest more in these preventive programs, "he said.

Alcohol also plays a role in cancer, but little is known about the relationship.

"Baby Boomers do not reduce their alcohol content, but science is quite clear – 3 to 5 percent of cancer can be attributed to alcohol consumption," said Mr. Slevin.

"Alcohol certainly plays a role in many types of cancer, and there is a wealth of evidence that makes a big contribution to prostate cancer."

This is also the main risk factor for breast cancer in women who regularly drink about 15% more for the development of breast cancer.

"It is highlighted in breast cancer and it is an area that we must recognize is that alcohol consumption is a major problem," said Mrs Dessaix.

"When it comes to overweight, obesity and alcohol, unfortunately, the community's awareness of attachment is not the tip of the mind, such as tobacco and excessive exposure to UV radiation."

Mama Merryn McLachlan was diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 37.

The North Sydney Public Health Network has the highest incidence of breast cancer in the state at 137 cases per 100,000, compared to the national average of 120.

"My neighbor had breast cancer before me and my close friends a few doors to treatment at the same time as me, as well as another friend at the top of our street. When my son was in the third year, four mothers in the class, including me, had breast cancer, and three survived, "said the 45-year-old.

"Maybe we tend to reveal it earlier, or maybe it's a stressful lifestyle, long hours, a big mortgage and a glass of wine when you come home."

Alcohol can increase the level of estrogen and other hormones associated with some forms of breast cancer and, compared to those who do not drink, women who have three alcoholic beverages a week have 15% higher risk of breast cancer.

According to NSW statistics, women in North Sydney are three times more likely to drink alcohol daily than their counterparts in western Sydney, which is below average breast cancer.

media_cameraAlishea Misovic from Oxley Park is at a high risk of bowel cancer because her father was diagnosed with cancer of the third stage at the age of 32. Image: Sam Ruttyn
media_cameraTo reduce the risk of cancer, Mrs Misovic lost 50kg through the stomach surgery.

Alishea Misovic from Oxley Park is at a high risk of bowel cancer because her father was diagnosed with cancer of the third stage at the age of 32. Since there is a genetic factor, it is required to have a regular colonoscopy. The risk factors for colon cancer include nutrition. Obesity is increasingly identified as a major risk factor for many types of cancer such as bowel, esophagus, pancreas, liver, breast and ovarian.

Ms. Mišević always struggled with her weight and decided to behave at 130 kilograms.

"My family told me I was too big and I needed to lose weight. I tried all the cherry, baby and trainer, but in 2017 I decided to endoscopic surgery, "said 28-year-old.

At the BMI clinic, the surgeons joined the stomach to shorten its length. She lost close to 50 pounds, but she returned her health and hoped she would make changes that would prevent bowel cancer

"I feel great, I was size 24, now I have 12 to 14," she said.

The cervical cancer screening program collects pre-cancer cells, but access to these rescue programs drops every kilometer away from large centers, for which Western NSW has the highest cervical cancer rate in the state from 9.2 cases per 100,000 on an average of seven .

media_cameraKate Stephens after surgery removed cervical cancer after cancer.
media_cameraMrs Stephens, on the right, with her colleague.

Kate Stephens, 31, lives in Garah, west of Moree. Recently, cervical cancer has been diagnosed just because it has been leading IVF with its new wife. A couple are police officers in Garah. Mrs. Stephens was late for the pope test.

In April, she removed the cervix and six lymph nodes and now faces chemotherapy and radiation.

It is no surprise that women in the country have a higher rate of cervical cancer.

"From talking to women here, it is more likely that they will postpone the review because it is difficult to get a medical examination, you may have to book weeks in advance, and there are not many doctors that can make women uncomfortable and often not collectively charged. they go to the doctor, "she said.

The Murrumbidgee Region occupies Albury, Wagga Wagga, Griffith and Tumut and for some reason has the highest prevalence of prostate cancer in NSW.

This area has 226 cases per 100,000 compared to the national average of 173 cases.

Father of six Kym Holbrook from Wagga Wagga discovered having prostate cancer ten years ago at the age of 49.

– I've been an advanced, aggressive prostate cancer. Prior to the diagnosis I did not have any symptoms so there was a critical need for regular examinations. I had radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy and I'm currently on occasional ADT (Hormone Therapy), "said Mr. Holbrook.


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