Monday , January 25 2021

Influenza, cold or corona? Symptoms and differences



The number of new corona infections is still high – we are in flu and cold season at the same time. What to look out for right now if you feel sick.

Cough, runny nose, sore throat – this is not uncommon in flu season. Sometimes it’s just a nuisance cold, sometimes the flu – and at the time of a pandemic possible coronavirus infection.

We give initial information on differentiating the disease and explain how you should behave this year if you have a cough, headache and fever.

Covid-19, cold or flu? Differences and similarities

According to the current state of knowledge, coronavirus is more easily transmitted than influenza virus. Both viruses are mainly transmitted by droplet infection.

The initial symptoms of influenza and Covid-19 are similar in many patients. Initially, cold symptoms appear in both diseases.

For Flu The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) names symptoms such as:

  • sniff
  • fever
  • cough
  • Sore throat
  • Headache and body aches
  • general weakness
  • Sweat

Covid-19 On the other hand, according to RKI, it can initially work without symptoms. In most cases, the following symptoms appear first:

  • cough
  • fever
  • sniff
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of smell and taste
  • Headache and body aches

Further symptoms of corona may include loss of appetite and gastrointestinal discomfort such as nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. Typical flu symptoms such as runny nose, sore throat and swollen lymph nodes may also be included. Some sufferers also develop Rash.

Review of corona symptoms

    (Source: t-online) (Source: t-online)

An important differentiator is first of all the speed at which the disease develops:

  • Influenza symptoms usually appear suddenly. Patients feel very ill within a few hours and often develop a high fever.
  • Coronavirus infection slowly worsens during the day.

Plain cold (flu infection) is usually triggered by rhinoviruses and rarely lasts longer than a week. Unlike influenza and corona infection, fever is rare.

The most common cold symptoms are:

  • sniff
  • red neck
  • moderate sore throat
  • Headache and body aches
  • general exhaustion
  • cough

Important: Only a laboratory test can be sure whether a coronavirus or an influenza virus is behind the disease.

What should I do if I have symptoms now?

If you are nauseous – whether it is a coronary infection, flu or just a cold, you should isolate yourself immediately and stay home. Keep contact with other people to a minimum so that you do not put them at risk of infection. If necessary, notify your employer.

If you have typical symptoms like cough and fever, you should call your family doctor. This will decide if you should come to the office for a checkup or get tested for Covid-19. Outside office hours, you can also call the emergency medical service on the unique state telephone number 116 117.

Call a doctor: If you notice symptoms such as fever and a strong feeling of illness, it is advisable to call a doctor's office first.  (Icon image) (Source: Getty Images / yacobchuk)Call a doctor: If you notice symptoms such as fever and a strong feeling of illness, it is advisable to call a doctor’s office first. (Icon image) (Source: yacobchuk / Getty Images)

Important: Do not drive to the doctor spontaneously. Because here there is a risk that if there is really an infection, we will infect others.

The Robert Koch Institute gives precise recommendations on how to proceed. If you have been diagnosed with a coronary infection but have no or only minor symptoms, you can cure the infection at home. The health department decides when you can leave the isolation after you recover.

This should be taken into account in case of respiratory diseases

If it turns out that you do not suffer from Corona, but from an acute respiratory disease such as the flu or cold, according to the Robert Koch Institute, you should rest at home for at least five days.

RKI writes: “From October 19, 2020, people with respiratory diseases can be called sick again. Staying at home for five (up to seven) days until the acute symptoms subside and the drug is medically useful for treatment, even if no additional treatment is needed. : “

Most patients with respiratory diseases are infected with fairly harmless respiratory viruses (influenza viruses, rhinoviruses, RS viruses, etc.), which, however, are very easily transmitted to other people. Influenza viruses in particular can also lead to serious diseases in risk groups. Five to seven days of recovery at home prevents these patients from infecting other people in full waiting rooms, according to RKI.

Can I get the flu and the crown at the same time?

In principle, it is possible for people to become infected with Covid-19 and the flu at the same time, as both diseases are caused by different viruses. Influenza viruses trigger the flu, that Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 from Covid-19 disease.

If you have the flu, your body’s defenses are weakened. It also increases the risk of coronavirus infection and serious illness. Because if there is a coronavirus infection, the immune system has to fight two pathogens at the same time.

Doctors therefore advise particularly high-risk patients to be vaccinated against the flu. Read more about this here.

Important note: Information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment from trained and recognized physicians. The content of t-online cannot and should not be used for self-diagnosis or initiation of treatment.


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