Obligatory vaccination? 14 cases of measles discuss fuel
GRAZ / LINZ. School ban for 26 uninhabited children after the Kidney outbreak in Styria
Since the ninth month of life, experts advise vaccination of measles
He just felt uncomfortable. When the 15-year-old schoolgirl came to the low-temperature LKH Graz on January 11, he did not know how much his stay could be dangerous for other patients. The boy was sick with the measles. All 300 people who were in the waiting room with him in the children's hospice and about two hours later were potential contacts.
Three weeks later, the Landessittungsdirektion already has 14 confirmed and largely confirmed cases. Among them, only three babies are only four months old. Further cases should be expected, says Head of Department Marianne Wassermann-Neuhold. Since the incubation period is 21 days, it is not possible to exclude the possibility that the virus is transmitted in pediatric practice.
Minister of vaccination
In the East Styrian community of Anger (district Weiz), municipal authorities have taken an unusual measure: 26 uninhabited Volksschlern was forbidden to attend school after Mitschler became ill after skiing in Salzburg. As you know, you should not visit public places and content.
The first cases of measles in Austria in 2019 also triggered a debate on the need for vaccination. Although the Ministry of Health points out that "measles are urgently recommended for serious, highly infectious diseases and vaccinations", Austria is still far from the recommended vaccine rate. 93 to 95 percent would be the target set by the World Health Organization (WHO). In Austria it currently stands at 83 to 85 percent. No mandatory vaccination. According to Health Minister Beate Hartinger-Klein (FP), this can not be changed. Yesterday he refused mandatory vaccination, continued to pray for "self-determination and enlightenment." Pediatricians of Upper Austria have long been enlightened. "What has happened in Graz is what we always fear, so I'm fighting for the vaccination of children," says Tilman Knigswieser, medical director of the Salzkammergut hospital. It is also possible to vaccinate as an adult, which is especially important for women because measles can damage a child during pregnancy.
"We did not have a measles this year, there were four last year," says Georg Palmisano, head of the state budget. But even in Upper Austria, a big outbreak can occur: "Because there is a cucumber here," says an expert. Above all, it affects the group of 30-45-year-olds – and uneducated children under one year. From the ninth month of life on free vaccination should be advised in the acute outbreak of caution since the sixth month of life.
The ten-year theme is more controversial. Along with information leaflets and education of healthcare professionals, skepticism and insecurity of vaccine against the opponent must be explored: Opponents such as the self-help group "xund stay – not vaccinate", which meets once a month in Linz.
The holes are all just harmless
It is round and only one ten thousandth of a millimeter of size: a measles virus. It belongs to a family of paramyxoviruses, spreading through gastric infection (speech, sneezing, coughing) even at distant distances, for example from one room to another. People can also cause mumps and flu infections.
Bones are among the most common diseases ever. Anyone who once had lifetime protection. Once you can only get measles. But they are all but harmless. WHO warned of an increasing number of infections by the end of 2018.
In 2017, 30 percent more cases were reported in the world than in the previous year. In 2017, 110,000 people died, most of whom are children. Vaccination is so important because the disease can not be treated after it has become acute. If stopped, authorities are required to identify each contact person, determine the vaccination status and, if necessary, vaccinate. Those who are not adequately protected from measles can be excluded from visits to public institutions for up to three weeks in case of contact with the patient. In 2017 more than 500,000 people under the age of 30 were not adequately protected in Austria.
The so-called "live vaccine" is used to immunize the measles virus. It contains live measles virus whose surface structure has been restored to the laboratory so that they can not cause the disease. However, the human immune system reacts to a disfigured variant, meets the virus and then kills its contagious variant before it can expand into the body.
3 questions to Tilman Knigswieser
The medical director of the Salzkammergut hospital is a vaccine expert.
How many Austrians are vaccinated against measles?
From two to five years, 95% of respondents have the first vaccine, 81% of the other vaccine. Both are needed. But there is a cucumber at age 15 to 30, since only 70 percent is vaccinated.
Why do some parents not vaccinate their children?
You're not sure. The vaccine is a medicine that also has side effects, which can be exhausted and elevated temperatures of the so-called vaccine, but are not contagious. All this is not a comparison with the consequences of measles infection. Every thousand infected die of that.
Are you mandatory for vaccination?
I'm looking for an explanation to take away the fear of a parent. Even adults can get vaccinated.
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