Antibiotic-resistant bacteria not only endanger life, but also affect health systems: annual expenditures may amount to up to $ 3.5 billion by 2050 in each country of the OECD, according to a report released on Wednesday.
Interrupting antibiotic skipping could be one of the measures to fight bacteria.
"These bacteria are more expensive than flu, than AIDS, tuberculosis. And they will cost even more if the states do not act to solve this problemMichele Cechini, an expert in public health at the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), said.
According to him, the country already dedicates an average of 10% of its health budget to the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
According to the findings of the report, relating to 33 of 36 OECD countries, resistant bacteria could kill 2.4 million people in Europe, North America and Australia by 2050.
A separate study released on Monday in the journal Infectious Diseases of the Lancet, counts up to 33,000 deaths that can be attributed to these bacteria in 2015 in the European Union.
Still, we could struggle with "simple measures" at moderate cost, according to the OECD: "to encourage better hygiene"(encouraging, for example, washing hands),"to stop excessive use of antibiotics"or generalize rapid diagnostic tests to determine whether viral infections (in this case antibiotics are useless) or bacterial.
According to the OECD, these measures would cost only $ 2 per person annually and prevented three quarters of death.
"Investments in a major public health program that include some of these measures could be depreciated in one year and result in savings of $ 4.8 billion a year", OECD estimates.
Health authorities, starting with the World Health Organization (WHO), regularly warn of the danger of over-consumption of antibiotics, which makes resistant reductive bacteria. Small children and the elderly are particularly at risk.
"In Brazil, Indonesia and Russia, between 40 and 60% of infections are already resistant, compared to an average of 17% in OECD countries"says the latter.
More worrisome, "It is expected that resistance to the second or third line of antibiotics will be 20% higher by 70% than in 2005These antibiotics are, however, those that should be used as the last resort when there is no other solution.
It started on November 8, 2018
Stemming the Superbug Tideb – OECD – November 7, 2018 (report available online)