The American writer and publisher Stan Lee, who passed away on Monday at the age of 95, has revolutionized the world of comic strips and popular culture by creating characters for Spider-Man, Hulk, X-Men and Marvel, among others. Fantastic Four.
Looking back in his eyes, Stan Lee sneaked into the world of greatest-of-the-art comic strips, far from imagining that superhuman fans would surprise.
Born on December 28, 1922 in New York City, a family of Romanian immigrants heavily affected by the Great Depression, Stanley Martin Lieber dreamed about writing a "great American novel".
At age 17, he has a job at Timely Comics, a comic publishing house.
A unique assistant, he is in charge of bringing coffee and filling designer inkwells before publishing his first text in 1941. In his desire to retain his real name for more "noble" works, choose the pseudonym Stan Lee,
When two years in succession, two years later, two surgeons, Jack Kirby and Joe Simon, are dismissed as the editor-in-chief.
After that, Kirby, a genius designer, will become his great accomplice with the nickname "The King." Stan Lee, screenwriter, will be called "Man."
For twenty years Stan Lee was directed by Timely Comics, now Atlas Comics, who wrote stories in all genres, while post-World War II superhuman fell to failure: Western, Romance, Science Fiction, Horror, Humor …
In the then-crisis sector, Atlas Comics lags behind, just imitating its great DC Comics rival, where it "serves" Batman or Superman.
When his boss asks to create a home equity equivalent of the "Right League" that DC Comics has just released, Stan Lee, at the advice of his wife, gives a free kick to his instinct. In 1961 he imagines the superhero "The Fantastic Four" and forever changes the comics.
While superheroes are traditionally smooth and impeccable, the Stan Lee characters are ordinary men and women, endowed with super powers by a combination of circumstances but filled with human torments.
Heroes are struggling, suspicious, struggling with financial problems or love, so readers can identify. Bad guys are also endowed with feelings.
"This guy, Peter Parker, just want to be a base teenager, he does not look like the other muscle superhero," Stan Lee Jack Kirby asked before putting it on. Another legend about the drawing, Steve Ditko.
The Universe "Marvel"
"The Fantastic Four" is a success and leads Stan Lee to create a host of new heroes: Hulk, Thor, Iron Man, X-Men, Daredevil, Doctor Strange or Spider-Man.
"If I knew I was so good, I would like to increase," she laughed in the summer of 2017, while Hollywood told the famous Chinese theater.
One of its trademarks: give the same initials for the names and names of his characters. Peter Parker, Reed Richards, Bruce Banner and Matt Murdock will not rule out.
In the 60's, Stan Lee became a man-orchestra of the publishing house, renamed "Marvel". He combines the roles of scriptwriters, publishers, and director of the publication.
Marketing Genius, he creates a "Marvel Space". All of his superheroes are developing in the same world and are on the pages of various group magazines: everything has been done as fans have a sense of belonging to the community.
A few decades later, Hollywood still uses the same technique in its wide screen adaptation of the super hero.
To keep pace, Stan Lee systemizes the "Marvel Method". Instead of the actual scenario, designers give a brief overview. Once the boards are drawn, they finish them by writing bubbles and legends.
Leaders are largely co-authors of the story. Some will accuse Stan Lee of wanting to pull the cover on him at his own expense.
The publisher becomes an ambassador of comic strips in the United States, multiplying conferences at universities and performing at conventions on fans who sometimes consider him half-god.
Walt Disney Fan, is supervising the Marvel Hero adaptation for television and film, creating the habit of short appearances in all movies featuring his characters.
After briefly leading the whole society, he left Marvel in the late 90s.
Despite lengthy Marvel's lawsuit, which Disney bought for $ 4 billion in 2009, Stan Lee has remained closely associated with the company, and he is still the president emeritus and the eternal symbol.