Friday , August 6 2021

"We need to change the way we see bacteria"

Dr. Jean-Marie Cohen is concerned about resistance to antibiotic bacteria, which could kill 2.4 million people in OECD countries by 2050.

"We need to change the way we see bacteria" Dr. Jean-Marie Cohen, a physician and scientist at Lyon who called franceinfo on Wednesday, November 7, while the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has upset the antibiotic resistance of bacteria, which could destroy 2.4 million people by 2050 in OECD countries. Dr. Jean-Marie Cohen is president of the MFP Services Scientific Committee, which established the epidemic "Epidemic" device for monitoring the epidemic in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region thanks to a weekly newsletter and a dedicated website. According to him, "There must be patients and caregivers working together and contemplating the same tool."

franceinfo: The goal of the Epidad mézère device you set up is to introduce the public with the risks associated with excessive antibiotic consumption. How does it work?

Jean-Marie Cohen: This is an online journal that provides the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes map with the most common causes of infection for each area of ​​the region. It helps to find out what is probably the cause of an infectious picture that aids you, or an asthma attack or something similar. Antibiotics are a real treasure, a heritage of humanity that must not be corrupted and must be used wisely. And it is often used when it should not. It was not done to be discouraged, but it was done to know when we need antibiotics and why.

But is not the doctor, and not the patient, deciding whether to take antibiotics or not?

This is exactly like ecology. Environmental problems, everyone must be involved, it is a collective approach. The doctor can not resist when a patient asks for an antibiotic. As a patient, if the doctor gives them, it is difficult to refuse. It is often a misunderstanding between the two who make a useless recipe. Sometimes the doctor points to a prescription, but says, "Take it for only three days if you're still sick," but the patient has, so he takes it directly.

Just started the device, how do you analyze the results?

We'll see if it has an antibiotic effect, but the goal goes further than that. We need to change the way we think about bacteria. We look at bacteria as enemies that make us sick and we have to fight. That's stupid, that's the wrong perception. Without bacteria, there would be no life on earth. Bacteria are our friends. Simply, when we change our environment, for example in urine when they should not be there and cause infection, there is a need for antibiotics. The idea is to understand when using these antibiotics wisely.

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