Citizens of São Paul who have not yet immunized yellow fever they should be vaccinated before traveling to the north coast and to Baixadas Santista, along the woods and forests. The vaccine should be taken ten days in advance to ensure effective protection. Therefore, those who intend to spend the November holidays – The Republican Blow (15) and the Black Day of Consciousness (20) – in these areas should evaluate and / or update their vaccination status earlier this week.
Guidelines also apply to residents of these places. Municipalities intensively carry out immunization actions throughout the year to increase coverage of the vaccine.
Last Monday (5), Adolf Lutz Institute confirmed death for yellow fever in Vale do Paraíba region. The victim was a 26-year-old man from Cunha, who refused to take the vaccine and was infected in the rural area where he worked in Caraguatatuba.
"Immunization is a primary form of prevention against the disease, but the season is pre-season and the seasonality of the disease is from December to May, so it is important that people who are not vaccinated are looking for health services," says Regiane de Paula, head of the Epidemiological Monitoring Center.
The whole area of São Paulo already has a vaccine recommendation for the circulation of the virus. On the North Coast, vaccination coverage is greater than 85% and 55% in the lower part. However, residents of other parts of the state must be vaccinated before moving to those areas. Doses are available in vaccination centers throughout the São Paulo area.
Pupil Nicole Amaral is a resident of Ubatuba and asked for the nearest health care post during the first news of yellow fever in the municipality. "When my parents and friends come to visit, I always remember the vaccine," she says.
Consult your doctor about the need for a vaccine for those with HIV positive, chemotherapy patients completed and transplanted. There is no indication of immunization for pregnant women, breastfeeding women up to six months and immunocompromised patients such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy or high doses of corticosteroids (such as Lupus and rheumatoid arthritis). In case of doubt, it is imperative to consult a physician.
By 2018 more than 8 million people were vaccinated against yellow fever. The number outperforms the vaccine mark during 2017, when 7.4 million doses were administered, and it is also larger than the vaccine in the previous decade – 7 million people were immunized between 2006 and 2016.
In 2018, by October 23, 502 indigenous cases of wild yellow fever were confirmed in the state, and 175 evolved into death. Out of a total of 30.2% yellow fever infections were contracted in Mairiporã and 9.5% in Atibaia. These two cities make up 39.7% of the cases of wild yellow fever in the state, and have already been vaccinated since 2017.
"We have been following a yellow fever since the first case appeared 20 months ago. We have to worry about people living in regions where the disease is a threat," said Marcos Boulos, an infectious disease expert, on the characteristics of a disease that does not come and goes overnight.
"Vaccination is a major way of protecting the population from yellow fever, so it is essential that all people living there attend healthcare," said Secretary of the World, Marco Antonio Zago.
Among the total cases, 14 occurred on the North Coast, of which 5 developed to death – São Sebastião (3 cases with 2 deaths) and Ubatuba (11 cases with 3 deaths). In Baixa there were 4 cases and 3 deaths – Guarujá (1 case with 1 death), Itanhaem (1 case with 1 death) and Peruíbe (3 cases with 1 death).
As for epizootics, this year, 257 monkeys had confirmed the disease. The region with the highest concentration is Greater São Paulo, with about half the cases. Of these, two cases of apes occurred in Baixa Santis, and 33 cases occurred in the Paraíba and North Coast valleys.
From the Government portal