Bacterial infection affects most women and can lead to death if not treated. The main acute cystitis, bladder infection. The other is pijelonefritis, kidney infection. In childhood, the infection is associated with the urge to retain urine, and in some cases changes in the development of the urinary system.
This frequency is not high but it should always be aware, as it can cause irreversible problems if it is not cured.
In adolescence and adult life, the largest incidence of urinary tract infections occurs and mostly refers to sexual activity and less frequent lifestyle and changes in bowel habits. In the gestation period, we also have a higher incidence of urinary infections.
In the postmenopausal period, the main cause is hormonal changes that alter the overall anatomy and morphology of the female genital area, sometimes increasing the predisposition to urinary tract infection.
According to the urologist Santa Casa, Marcosu Kaddoum, the main symptoms of acute cystitis are bruising or pain during urination; increased frequency of toilet and reduced urine volume; the feeling of incomplete discharge of the bladder during urination; pain in the "abdomen"; and in some cases urine blood.
In addition, some patients may also experience severe pain in the lumbar region, fever and chills. "Bacteria are agents responsible for urinary tract infection, so current treatment of this disease is the use of specific antibiotics prescribed by a physician."
Contrary to what some people think, an infection can progress unfavorably in all cases, especially in those without treatment or inadequate treatment. Thus, acute cystitis may become pijelonefritis, and pijelonefritis can become septicemia, which is a generalized infection and thus causes death.
The most vulnerable cases are in people with diabetes, morbid obesity, elderly people, people with illnesses or immunosuppressive medicines and people who are slow to seek treatment.
However, according to Marcos Kaddoum, urinary infection is a disease that can be prevented. "Generally speaking, everyone should follow some recommendations, such as: Always stay hydrated so the urine is always bright yellow. If the urine is too yellow or with a very strong smell, moisten and check for improvement," he suggested.
The doctor also warns you that you never hold the urine: try to wet it before the bubble is full; treat the already existing illness! Renal stone, decompensated diabetes, obesity are problems that, when cured, reduce the possibility of urinary tract infection; do not worry!
Self-employment is one of the major causes of infection with resistant bacteria. Infection with this type of bacteria is usually more difficult to treat and more dangerous. The doctor concludes that the search for experts as soon as you feel any symptoms is crucial to the correct diagnosis and the beginning of the treatment. "Your doctor is most likely to identify the probable cause of the infection and direct the best treatment," Marcos said.
Last year, Santa Casa de Misericórdia in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim carried out nearly 120 emergency services for women with urological diseases by the Single Health System (SUS).