The recent release of inhaled insulin (3/6) marks the onset of National Diabetes Day on Wednesday (26). Drugs, approved for sale and consumption by the National Agency for Sanitary Inspection in eight forms of presentation, have yet to be imported from the United States.
For physician and researcher Freddy Goldberg Eliaschewitz, drug availability can help treat the disease in Brazil because it is more comfortable than insulin injection and management is more effective. The inhaled insulin starts to work within 10 minutes in the body and lasts for up to 90 minutes.
Insulin insulin may take up to 60 minutes to start acting and remain active until up to five hours in the body.
"On the one hand, if a patient is injected with insulin before lunch and the medication needs time to work, sugar levels are growing at the beginning of the meal." Food is often swallowed, but insulin has not even started to work. On the other hand, if the insulin's effect is slow, the patient may suffer from sugar later. Food absorption is over, but insulin continues to function, "explains Eliaschewitz, Israeli physician Albert Einstein, a doctor and clinical director of the Clinical Research Center, who has been working on new drug development tests since 2014.
Diabetes is considered a chronic disease in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the patient's body can not be used. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose levels.
Out of control
Eliaschewitz describes that there are already about 15 million people in diabetes in Brazil, but 90% of Type 1 and 73% of Type 2 people do not have "control of the disease." He notes that "half the patients do not control the disease due to lack of knowledge of the diagnosis." Among those who know about diabetes, half is not going to the doctor regularly. Even those who go, more than half do not take the necessary care. "
According to the Ministry of Health, Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in childhood or adolescence. "The cause of this type of diabetes is still unknown … It is known that, as a rule, this is a chronic non-transferable genetic disease, that is, it is hereditary, concentrating between 5% and 10% of the total number of diabetics in Brazil."
Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults, it is directly related to overweight, sedentary lifestyle and poor nutrition. "This happens when the body does not exploit the insulin produced," explains the Ministry of Health.
For Freddy Eliaschewitz, Brazil is experiencing "type 2 diabetes pandemic after a pandemic of obesity". According to him, the country may in the future have a pandemic of disease-related complications, "which are painful and costly for treatment," such as glaucoma, kidney problems, and erectile dysfunction.