Companies this year have saved labor reimbursement for labor reform of $ 748.7 million, which came into force just over a year ago on November 11, 2017. By the end of this year, cost reduction could reach nearly a billion R $.
This is the main conclusion of the National Trade Confederation (CNC) study to assess the impact of the first year of labor reform. "Reducing billions of billions of labor costs is much and can improve cash in the trade," says chief economist CNC Fabio Bentes, who is responsible for the study.
In order to calculate a reduction in the cost of benefits, this year Bentes considered a reduction of more than 30% in the number of business charges and the average amount of compensation for damages in court. It also took into account the total last year's rescaling trade, which includes claims and settlements directly between the company and its employees.
In 2017, the trade pays R $ 9.3 billion workers compensation, according to IBGE data. Of the total amount, one third was due to remuneration paid to court and two thirds of closed deferments between employees and employers. "As legislation became more flexible, direct payments have also fallen," says Bentes.
The study also concluded that the gains in initial salary received by formal workers as being intermittent or part-time – modalities of contracts introduced by reform – are higher than the average wage of the economy.
Between April and September, workers who have received termination contracts started to pay $ 906.82, something above the average total revenue of the formal market in the same period (R $ 899.24). In the case of a part-time contract, the average remuneration was R $ 1,004.36, with a profit of 20.5% in relation to the salary received by formal workers on a working day from 16 to 20 hours per week.
Data are from the General Register of Employed and Unemployed at the Ministry of Labor. Bentes has estimated data from April to have more consistent information on the six-month reform period.
"Reform did not injure workers, on the contrary. In the new modalities of the contract, the average salary was somewhat higher," says Bentes. It attributes the benefit to the remuneration for the economy in the charges that occurred to the employer when applying new modalities contracts. But from the point of view of creating new jobs, the reform was not related, the study shows. Less than 1% of official openings between April and September were casual or incomplete working hours, a situation Bentes attributed to weaknesses in the economy.
Wild. São Paulo Trade Union Chairman Ricardo Patah says the inventory fall due to legal insecurity should reverse in the coming year. The organization prepares several collective actions involving about five thousand traders and raises questions about several items, such as a breakdown of work. "There is a company that hired casual workers who pay $ 4.85 per hour for 5 hours per week, and the worker receives $ 100 a month, but if he wants to participate in the social security system, he has to raise $ 80," he says. "It's a wild form of employment."
The union leader, who also chairs UGT, says that despite what he calls the "stock factory", this "celebrated $ 1 billion gain will be fired next year." The information is from the newspaper State of S. Paulo.