MADRID, Jan. 31 (EDIZIONES) –
According to the Spanish Association of Pediatric Primary Health Care (AEPAP), in the period when a child is attending a kindergarten or nursery, the largest number of contagious processes is taking place, especially during the first year of establishment.
"Infections are part of the normal development of the child. Allow your defense to activate and ultimately improve your immune system. Most of these processes are trivial and produce viruses. Usually it is a respiratory infection (cold, otitis, throat inflammation and bronchitis) or diarrhea, "he says.
Meanwhile, the Spanish Pediatric Association (AEP) claims that diseases that cause vomiting, skin infections and conjunctivitis are common, as well as many that cause fever.
Moreover, points out that most babies in day care have 8 to 12 colds a year, that they are "something more" than they would have been solely taken care of at home. "After the first year when a child is attending a kindergarten, the amount of respiratory disease is reduced, which can be considered more or less inevitable stage that will have to pass and which will normally be overcome without major problems," he says.
Another note that contributes to the Infosalus interview, Dr. Pazu González, editor of AEP's website "EnFamilia", is that when a child goes to kindergarten, with the benefit of this new situation for the oldest (socialization, adaptation to norms, learn to share , among other things, there is a fundamental consequence from the point of view of health, which is the earliest and most intense exposure to infectious agents and which, almost inevitably, results in repeated episodes of mostly respiratory and gastrointestinal infections.
In this regard, AEPAP recognizes that it is difficult to control its infection, because some of these infections are transmitted prior to the first symptoms during the incubation period. "We add to this the frequency with which children interact, share toys, dudes, balloons or stories, for example, and present saliva (bale, slime, slime)," he adds.
"When a child is ill, he needs a rest. It is desirable to stay home while the disease lasts, play quietly, read stories, and perform the activities you want. He may not sleep well at night and may prefer to sleep shortly during the day, which coincides with times when he is tired and does not feel good, "says Dr. González.
Even though you remember that many times, even if they do not go to the living room, if they have a younger brother going to kindergarten or school, they will have more infections than a child who does not have brothers and sisters.
For this reason, it is recommended that, when they are ill, they avoid going to kindergarten and staying at home in the following circumstances:
1. When advising you common sense parents.
2. In those cases where the child needs kind of care that can not be offered in day careor be unable to accept the normal activities of the center.
3. If you have symptoms Influence of your general conditionsuch as fever, respiratory disturbance or irritability, for example, or poorly defined and potentially dangerous symptoms such as vomiting without any explanation.
4. When a child has a disease that It can affect others.
5th For diseases As a flu, a flu, children can go to kindergarten when they are good and without fever. Some diseases like megaloytheremia, sudden rash or injury in your mouth can go if you are good. In the case of gastroenteritis and vomiting, 48 hours have elapsed since the last fluid settling or the last vomiting.
Since AEP adds that it is advisable to follow the recommendations of the healthcare staff to recovery and, in any case, stay at home for at least 24 hours after the fever has disappeared.
"Every child may have different needs, some like being in bed, some on the couch or moving home, it is recommended that the room is not too hot, open the windows to ventilate and maintain proper hygiene," he adds.
Similarly, advises you do not want to eat in the first few daysso it recommends parents not to insist on taking food, as they gradually recover the appetite. "It's convenient to drink fluids that are hydrated (water, juices, soups, infusions). When you have appetite, you can offer small portions of food and nutrients such as milk," says the Spanish Pediatric Association.