Tobacco exchange with electronic cigarettes is an effective method of smoking cessationaccording to a study conducted by Queen Mary University in London (United Kingdom).
Clinical trial results, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), show that one year after the onset of treatment, 18% of smokers using electronic cigarettes went offwhile among those who used conventional methods, such as patches or nicotine gums, only 10% achieved them.
18% of smokers using electronic cigarettes left it
"Although a large number of smokers confirm that they successfully quit smoking with the help of electronic cigarettes, health professionals are reluctant to recommend its use due to the lack of clear evidence of randomized clinical trials. This will probably change from now on, "said Peter Hajek, a researcher at Queen Mary University in London.
In a clinical trial There were 886 smokers who went to health homes in search of help to quit. The doctors randomly divided them into two groups. In the first group they have been replaced by nicotine of their choice, such as patches, chewing gums, pills or inhalers, which should last up to three months. In the second group, smokers received a set of electronic cigarettes with recharging and encouraged them to buy the tastes they like most. In addition, all participants attended meetings with healthcare staff for four weeks.
Health professionals reluctantly recommend its use due to the lack of clear evidence from randomized clinical trials. It will probably change from now on
Researcher at Queen Mary University in London
A year later, 10% smokers who were treated with conventional nicotine supplements stopped smoking. Among those who received electronic cigarettes, they got almost double, 18%.
Of those who did not manage to give up, among those who used electronic cigarettes, a greater number of themSpread the amount of tobacco who smoked in half. Electronic cigarettes also reduced cough and mucus production more than other nicotine substitutes.
doctors noticed more throat irritation in the group that used electronic cigarettes (14% more),
On the other hand, the doctors noticed more throat irritation in the group that used electronic cigarettes (14% more) and more nausea in the group of conventional treatments (8% more).
Researchers point out that results could be they can not be generalized for less dependent smokers or the oldest electronic cigarettes.
In an editorial published in the same issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the University of Boston Medical School (USA) recommend prudence for doctors when prescribing electronic cigarettes, awaiting new studies to prove their effectiveness and safety.
Source: La Vanguardia