Breast cancer has become the first cause of death in women with oncologic illnesses in Chile, but fortunately a large part can be detected early.
According to the Ministry of Health, it is estimated that this is only the case 36% of women in our country have mammograms every three years, and Chile has made progress in preventative education for women, but more needs to be done.
Early diagnosis of this disease is of vital importance, so early can reduce mortality rates and change tumor progression. "When cancer is less than one centimeter without axillary involvement, survival is very high, more than 94%, and falls to 60% or less depending on the patient's condition." notes Dr. Lorena Gutiérrez, breast specialist in Laboratorio Blanco.
Here are three tips for early diagnosis:
1.- Periodically perform a mammogram
Although women are more responsible than men when it comes to leaving the doctor, there is still no clear education about mammography. "It's a X-ray shot taken in two breast projections, where compression is performed to disperse the tissue and pass through it if injury occurs," Gutiérrez explains. It is also important to note that The exam is very fast and generally does not create much discomfort.
Periodically mammography, once a year for women over 40 years of age, is the first advice when talking about early detection of breast cancer. "It is vitally important to conduct a periodic review not when you already have something, but in a preventative way to find small things," says Gutiérrez.
Preventive mammography is not the only way to detect breast cancer, there are several symptoms that can be identified by simple steps that can be taken at home and last for more than five minutes. "Palpation,…" touching the nodule in the chest is generally one of the signs; skin color change, skin retention, warts bleeding, or arthrosis these are the changes that you have to watch on a daily basis, "adds an expert.
3.- Healthy eating
There are risk factors and behaviors that can be observed to prevent cancer development. This is stated by the Ministry of Health Unprocessed foods are responsible for about 30% of cancer in industrialized countries and 20% in developing countries.
In the case of breast cancer, the impact of sedentary lifestyle is between 20 and 30% in the development of this disease. Obesity is another risk factor. Considering that, recommends expert Lorena Gutierrez "Consume food of plant origin that contains antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and fibers."
Accordingly, he warns that "we still need to educate women about mammography, an examination that can effectively change the life cycle, as it changes the mortality rate of breast cancer.
Since 2014, the right of women over 40 years of age to a mammography permit is included in the Labor Act, which seeks to promote preventative care for this disease.