Skeptics of the vaccine appear to have been condemned to an extravagant minority after centuries in which they stopped deadly epidemics, but the anti-vacuum movement reappeared when at least expected, driven by the spread of social network hoaxes that some politicians believe and advocate.
GENEVA. A huge increase in this year's world-wide measles cases, from 30% to 173,000 in 2018, to the World Health Organization, warns of the negative effects of this movement, re-birth in the last 20 years, and that the WHO key in reappearance in Western countries where it was considered a thing of the past, like Germany or Italy.
Only in the first six months of this year there were 41,000 cases in Europe, more than 24,000 reported in 2017 and 17 deaths from illness which, despite a low level of mortality, can cause chronic consequences for those who suffer from it as blindness.
The rise of these cases can not only be attributed to the anti-vaccine movement, but eventually coincides with it, and its influence on celebrities and people who have the capability to influence, at an idyllic moment for spreading rumors through social networks and the arrival of politicians who want to use it.
Arguments that have already been abandoned by anti-vaccines because they produce autism or contain levels of health hazard produce, for example, that in Romania, the number of inoculated children dropped from 90 to 80% in only five years, and those pedias were weakened . will in 2016 and 2017 cause about thirty deaths.
In Romania, 15 infections reported in 2015 to more than 9,000 between 2016 and 2017, and similar situations could come to nearby countries like Italy, where Vice President Matteo Salvini acknowledged the skepticism of the vacuum and the government is trying to curb the laws they want to force the vaccination of all juveniles.
Despite the alarming rise in the number of measles in the transalpine country, members of the government are still reluctant to carry out a legal initiative that would require the parents of each child to submit an official vaccination certificate to enroll them.
In Spain, where WHO believes that diseases such as measles have been completely eradicated – apart from isolated cases of external concern, 3% of children whose parents do not take them for vaccination for religious or ideological reasons, equivalent to 80,000 and 150,000 juveniles.
In the United States, President Donald Trump mentioned controversial relationship between vaccine and autism in his controversial campaign, and many of the promoters of these ideas in the social networks of the country are "robots" (malicious code) Russian for destabilization, according to a report from the American Journal of Public Health.
Skepticism against vaccines was born almost at the beginning of application of these in the eighteenth century when vaccination campaigns initiated by the father of immunology, Edward Jenner, were not adequately controlled and the vaccines were properly isolated. which gave negative results.
Improving vaccination techniques, especially in the twentieth century, effectively eradicated or controlled somehow very contagious and sometimes deadly diseases such as large pectorals, tetanus, uterus, diphtheria, pediatric paralysis, rubella or mumps, reducing the anti-vaccine arguments.
However, the disappearance of these diseases in some developed countries led to the abandonment of vaccination campaigns with negative results, as was the case in Sweden, where 60% of children had a clue between 1979 and 1996, in which the authorities decided to stop taking children against her.
And skepticism was revived in 1998 after the publication of the article by British medical practitioner Andrewa Wakefield in The Lancet magazine, which established a link between autism and MMR vaccine (measles-measles-rubella).
The same publication denied the article to find it fake, but it did not do it until 2011, and the ideas of Wakefield – who left the United Kingdom to live in the US where their ideas had greater support – politicians and users are saving from time to time time. social networks.
The numbers provided by the WHO, which tells about 40 million lives saved by large goddesses or 16 million people without paralysis that create child paralysis, do not convince skeptics in all political signs, of libertarians who believe the right not to be vaccinated with leftists who believe that vaccination just big business of pharmaceutical giants.