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The controversy of countries banning Huawei technology, the second largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world

Huawei continues to accumulate bans in different countries.

New Zealand this Wednesday became the last country in Zagreb block the proposal to use the telecommunications equipment produced by the Chinese company Huawei because of concerns about national security.

Spark wanted to use Huawei equipment in its 5G mobile network in New Zealand, but the government security agency said the deal would face significant risks.

This move is part of the growing pressure from participation of Chinese technology companies in security matters.

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What are the fears?

Several governments are distrustful of Chinese technology because They fear that Beijing will force companies like Huawei to help in power to gain access to industrial secrets and other confidential information.

Huawei phone.
Huawei and ZTE companies pose a great risk of spying, warn some experts.

Especially, there is concern about it the risk of espionage by China, some experts say.

Tom Uren, a member of the International Cybernetic Policy Center at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, said the Chinese government "clearly showed intention to steal information for many years."

"The Chinese state has been involved in a large number of types of espionage, including cybernetics and theft of intellectual property," he said.

The close ties between business and government also triggered concerns China may try to "use state-owned companies to enable its spy operations," Uren added.

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These concerns are exacerbated by the new laws introduced last year that require Chinese organizations to cooperate in national intelligence efforts.

The combination of these laws and the background of espionage has increased the danger that countries are experiencing to use companies like Huawei and ZTE in critical national infrastructure.

"It's hard to claim that they do not pose a high risk," added Uren.

Why now?

Huawei defends by saying that it is an independent company.

In several countries, 5G networks are being built, and this technology will be the next important wave of mobile infrastructure.

And since Huawei is the world's largest manufacturer of telecommunications equipment, the Spark New Zealand telecommunications company plans to use Huawei's technology in its 5G network.

However, the New Zealand Government Communications Office (GCSB) has told Spark that the proposal "if implemented, will increase significant national security risks"Explained the company.

New Zealand Intelligence Service Minister Andrew Little said Spark could work with the agency to reduce that risk.

Huawei said, "As the GCSB pointed out, this is a continuous process. We will be concerned with any concerns, and we will work together to find the right path."

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Which countries have banned Huawei?

New Zealand's decision to block Huawei for reasons of national security is not isolated.

Australia has done the same with Huawei and ZTE so they do not provide 5G wireless technology for the same reasons.

On the other side, Huawei has defended its independence and she said it was a private company. He also offered to build an assessment and testing center where his 5G team could review the Australian government.

  • Why has Australia banned the business of the Chinese company Huawei, the world's largest mobile phone maker

Earlier this year, United States announced restrictions on Huawei and ZTE to bid for contracts in their territory and later banned state or military officials from using the phones of these Chinese companies.

Last week, newspapers Wall Street Journal reported that the US government tried to persuade wireless service providers to avoid using Huawei equipment.

New Zealand was the last country to block Huawei for national security.

On the other hand, in Great Britain The government says it still works with Huawei.

"This government and British telecom operators are working with Huawei at home and abroad to ensure that the UK can still benefit from new technology while risk management in cybersecurity," the British government spokesman told BBC.

But the Security Committee has warned it has "Limited Warranty" that Chinese telecommunications equipment is not a threat to national security.

Canada He also runs security tests from 2013 on the telecommunications equipment he sold in the country of Chinese div Huawei.

Similarly, the company has been included in the rating Germany, Japan and Korea from the south.

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But there is only one country on the Huawei side: Papua New Guinea

The Pacific people have said that this week will continue with the Huawei contract to build their Internet infrastructure.

The country has received a significant increase in China's investment in the last decade.

Since its inception in 1987, Huawei has become one of the world's leading telecom equipment suppliers.

The company has about 180,000 employees and operates in 170 countries and regions, according to its website.

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