Despite some omissions, space exploration still has great power and interest. Every year we go a little further and understand a bit more about the "final border", and in 2018 it was no exception. During the last twelve months, we have been happy with some of our favorite missions, celebrated our anniversary, and we have come closer to our neighbor, the planet Mars. As we enter the new year, we present some of the most significant achievements in the exploration of the universe and the most important astronomical events in 2018.
60 YEARS OLD
Created under the 1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act, the space agency began formally to act on October 1, 1958. Since its inception, NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was a relentless effort aimed at exploring civil and scientific space and space-related research.
NASA has opened the way for the universe both for the United States and for the rest of the world. Only 11 years after its establishment, the space agency arrived to the moon and finally sent 12 astronauts to the surface. In the eighties, nineties and early 2000s, the program was devoted to the space racket, overseeing 135 missions that established the framework of the International Space Station. Recently, the agency has been researching the sun, visiting all the planets in our solar system, studying asteroids and comets, launching distant telescopes, and even sending oaks to Mars.
In the future, NASA is expected to be a driving force to drive astronauts to the red planet. NASA plans to develop the Lunar Orbital Platform Gateway, a small station that will serve as a launch station for the Moon mission. The experience gained through these missions will help NASA, along with its international and commercial partners, to take the next step on Mars.
PROPERTY OF PARKER AND YOUR ACCESS TO SUNC
In August 2018, NASA launched the Parker Solar Spider, a spacecraft designed to travel to the crown of our star to study solar winds. These powerful explosions, produced by the glittering Boreal Aurore, can also affect satellites in the orbit and their communication with the Earth. Even, from time to time, solar winds can be strong enough to interrupt global positioning systems (GPS) and high-frequency radio communications.
Scientists studying solar winds know very little about how they come from, and Parker's solar probe hopes to respond to some of the most relevant issues by traveling to the outer atmosphere of the Sun, where they will take samples directly from solar particles and measure magnetic fields. The probe will also measure the sun's temperature to help scientists understand that relatively cool stars, compared to others (6,000 degrees Celsius), can produce a crown so hot that it reaches millions of degrees Celsius.
SELFIJA INSIGHT LANDER ON MARS
On Monday, November 26, 2018 at 2:50 am NASA's InSight Lander successfully landed on Mars's surface. They had seven risky moments when the lender entered the thin atmosphere of Mars with hypertension and slowed down due to perfect landing. Immediately afterwards, InSight took its first self-portrait on the surface of the red planet.
Now that it is on Mars, InSight will be busy collecting geological data from the core to the crust. Lander will analyze the different layers of rocks on the planet, measure the planet's temperature, and generate axis axis information. Scientists hope that not only can we better understand Mars but also the Earth, its differences and similarities.
VIRGIN GALACTICS WAS THE EXTERNAL SPACE FORM
After the 2014 accident that took the life of the pilot and caused a two-year stoppage, Virgin Galactic returned with his plans to fly into the commercial tourist universe. The company supported by Sir Richard Branson successfully completed the four space flight in 2018. The last attempt in December reached 51 miles to the Kármán line, or the boundary between the atmosphere and the universe, before returning to the Earth in some way. surely, with a mild leap into the air and space port of Mojave.
Data collected during the flight will be analyzed and used to improve the safety and performance of future attempts. The next flight test will be used to simulate the weight of commercial cargo expected when the ship is full of passengers. More than 600 people bought travel tickets to Virgin Galactic Spacecraft. Each ticket costs $ 250,000, but Branson hopes that one day this amount will be reduced to $ 40 or $ 50,000.
SPACEX CONTINUES ARE CONTINUED
2018 was another remarkable year for SpaceX, and the company once again demonstrated to the world that missiles are a reusable future for the future. SpaceX made 20 launches in 2018, surpassing the 18th launch record for 2017. One of the most recently deployed 64 satellites in orbit, a record number of deployments for one mission in the United States. World Record Holder is the mission of the Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), which in February 2017 has deployed 104 satellites.
SpaceX continues to be surprised by its reusable missiles. For the first time this year, the same driver who launched Falcon 9 was used for three different launches and landings. But the Falcon 9 missile is not the only spacecraft in the SpaceX arsenal. The company also developed a Dragon Capsule, a multi-cargo ship that first flew in December 2010. It is the first commercial vessel built and successfully managed and recovered from orbits. The capsule continued with successful replenishment missions for the International Space Station in 2018.
END OF BROADCASTER MISIE
NASA's Dawn mission came to a conclusion in 2018 after the spacecraft was left without fuel. The spacecraft Dawn was launched in September 2007 and covered over 4.3 billion miles (4.3 billion) in 11 years of operation. The mission goal was to study the dwarf planet Ceres and the giant asteroid Vest in the asteroid belt.
Images and data obtained from the mission provided information on the origins of our Solar System and how it could have occurred in the early years. He also gave a glimpse of the planet of nearby dwarves and a look at the asteroid suggesting that ice was beneath the rocky exterior. Now that his useful life has come to an end, Dawn will continue to orbit the Ceres Mountain.
LATEST PHOTOS OF TELESCOPES
After nine long years of deep space exploration in search of new horizons, the Kepler Space Telescope was finally left without fuel and delivered its latest paintings in 2018. It is interesting that it was designed to last only 3 and a half years, but continued to work a lot. after the deadline, thanks to NASA scientists who kept it for another five years.
This telescope leaves no doubt a great legacy. During that time, Kepler has collected data on thousands of planets outside of our Solar System, and a large amount of this new information is now available to the general public.