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Tobacco does not kill, it ends



Related tumors Use of tobacco in the last decades have increased considerably. The study, which covers from 1997 to 2014 and includes 7,103 cases in León, reveals that this increase is particularly pronounced among women. The data are similar to those of the rest of the Spanish population and indicate the importance of this risk factor that can be avoided.

In the first three-year period, from 1997 to 1999, the incidence rate per 100,000 males was 116.4 cases. In the last decade encompassing this work, from 2012 to 2014, 228 reached. The numbers among the female population are lower but the increase is more pronounced. By the end of 1990 there were 19.8 cases per 100,000 women, while in the last three years 44.5 was analyzed, more than double.

Tobacco does not kill, it ends

"75% of the tumors analyzed correspond to lung and bladder cancer, but there are many more, such as lips, tongue, gum, mouth, orofarinks, nasopharynx, hypopharynx, nostrils and throat," explains Lidia García Martínez of the Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED ) University of León. An increase in the total number of cases each year is very pronounced, with slightly over 300 in 1997 to about 500 in 2014, according to data published in the Spanish Medical Society of Primary Health Care (SEMERGEN). .

"We estimate that. T 59% could be attributed directly to tobacco, with about 170 deaths every year in the León healthcare sector, "said an expert. Among the most notable data, a large increase was reported among women, with about 30 cases in 1997 to about 80 in 2014." Basically, this is due to an increase in frequency smokers started in the past decades and held in the present, "warns Lidia García.

More probability in some municipalities

Within the province there are some geographic differences that are determined by smoking habit. That is why the analysis involves the concept of relative risk, that is, how much more likely a person will suffer from cancer (in this case related to tobacco) in a particular municipality. The study shows that in the Villadangos del Páramo and Valencian de Don Juan the likelihood of disease of the tumors analyzed three to four times the average of the examined area.

In the first three-year period, from 1997 to 1999, the incidence rate per 100,000 males was 116.4 cases. In the last decade, which includes this work, from 2012 to 2014 it has reached 228.

"The geographical differences found point to the need for the use of preventive strategies tailored to local situations, which reduce smoker rate and avoid the involvement of young people, "he says.

The data of this research can be useful in case of prevention. Generally, the message we want to run is very clear every year the tobacco kills more than seven million people in the worlddeaths that could be avoided by not consuming, says researcher IBIOMED. For this, "the first thing to know is to face a totally health-related problem that can be completely avoided, reducing the number of new smokers by increasing tobacco prices and making access difficult, and helping smokers give up."

The throat of the throat

The figures recorded in León are in line with those across Spain, which have been contributed by other authors, particularly with regard to the incidence of lung cancer and bladder cancer, which has clearly increased in both sexes in recent years. However, there are some peculiarities in this area of ​​health as well. For example, the rates of throat blisters in women are among the highest in Spain, about one case per 100,000 inhabitants. In the case of men, they represent rates of 14.6 to 100.000, which is a value similar to the rest of the community.

"This heterogeneous tumor distribution is not observed in our area since previous lung cancer and bladder cancer studies did not get a significant geographic difference that occurs when everyone is involved tumors associated with tobacco"The same team has previously studied the major tumors that were registered in León: colon, stomach, breast, prostate and bladder cancer. From now on, the following research work could extend the trial period of many of them or continue studying other relevant tumors.

Bibliographic Reference:

Incidence, Trends and Municipal Distribution of Tumors Affected by Lebanon Health: 1997-2014. L. García-Martínez, V. Dávila Batista, L. Estévez Iglesias, C. González Donquiles, A. De la Hera Magallanes, A. J. Molina de la Torre. Family Medicine-SEMERGEN. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.semerg.2018.09.008

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