According to data collected in the National Employment Survey (ENE) conducted by the National Institute of Statistics (INE), in October and December 2018. The national unemployment rate was 6.7%or 0.3 percentage points higher than in the same period last year but by 0.1% less than in the previous quarter.
This is the result of an increase of 1.1% in twelve months of workforce, while the employees increased by 0.7% in the same period, equivalent to 59.731 persons.
Growth was affected by female expansion by 1.3%, while in men it grew by only 0.3%.
As far as the economic sectors are concerned, the number of employees is mainly driven by communications (14.5%), health (11.2%) and construction (4.5%).
As far as employment is concerned, private employees increased by 0.9% and public sector employees by 3.2%. On the contrary, self-employed workers dropped by 1.3%, which is the biggest decline since this quarter March-May 2015.
Unemployment is higher in women
According to INE, the rate women's unemployment reached 7.5%, with an increase of 0.7 pp. in twelve months, as a result of an increase of 2.0% of the workforce, more than the variation of 1.3% of the employed.
Meanwhile, unemployment in men it reached 6.2%, varying 0.2 pp. compared with the same quarter of the previous year, due to a 0.5% increase in labor force, higher than that reported by the employed (0.3%).