Wednesday , June 23 2021

As Orion, an aircraft with which NASA intends to send a man back to the moon and win Mars



Orion

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Orion plans to reach the Moon, Mars and other places far from the universe.

New space space is expected.

Or, at least, that's what NASA believes.

More than four decades after landing last month, the US National Aviation and Space Administration (NASA) is preparing to send the man back to the moon … and on.

Orion, a ship designed in cooperation with the European Space Agency, will be a vehicle for a "legendary" trip aimed at following the cosmos course on Mars and other hidden places of "deep space".

And after several years of testing, the capsule received the latest pulse this Friday, which was supposed to be operational: a module designed by Airbus that would enable power, drive, heat control, air and water.

This is the first time that NASA uses a device built in Europe as a key element for running a US spacecraft that, according to experts, accounts for "international cooperation in space issues," but also the size of the project.

module

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NASA received on Friday a module created by the European Space Agency.

According to the US space agency, although Orion will initially run an unmanned mission at first, the goal is to build an outpost outside the moon, which would allow expeditions to Mars, besides bringing cosmonauts to the universe.

Although there are still no exact dates for the first expedition, it is believed that it will be held in the beginning of the decade of 2020.

According to the head of the European Space Agency Jan Worner, this will be a "brand new way" of space travel and a "new type" return to the moon.

If the expedition is over, Orión will be a ship designed for a cargo ride that goes further than when man reached space more than half a century ago.

Orion, a space hunter

The design, manufacture and testing of the spacecraft NASA intends to start this new space age has a long and hard path.

The original idea was created in 2011 as part of it Constellation project, the idea of ​​George W. Bush's government to take a man back to the moon and it was suspended for lack of budget with the arrival of Barack Obama's government.

However, NASA has continued to develop capsules.

Although the initial project intended to Orion take over six people in their mission, this number was finally reduced to four, enabling the construction of one of the two major ESA modules (which was received on Friday in Cape Canaveral).

modules

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The ship consists of two modules, one of which is manufactured in Europe.

According to NASA's description, a 21-meter-diameter capsule of five meters has basic elements from the Apollo command module, the well-known missions of the ships that Astronauts took to the Moon between 1969 and 1972.

However, the space agency ensures that Orion's technology and capacity allow for more advanced and longer-term space missions.

It is estimated that the crew on board can travel without the need for new reservations up to 21 days, while in the state of inactivity it can maintain the conditions of usefulness for another 6 months.

During that last period, according to NASA, it is envisaged that the lifetime of the crew will be ensured by other spatial modules.

New design

This week NASA has also tested one of the most revolutionary features the spacecraft will have: a lowering module that combines parachutes and retro-missiles or capsule recovery airbags when they return to Earth.

ship

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The Lowering Module combines parachutes and retro missile capsules recovery when they return to Earth.

According to the agency, this mechanism, similar to that used by Russian Soyuz capsules or Chinese Shenzhou, will eliminate the costs of using the fleet of ships as it did on Mercury, Gemini or Apollo flights.

Another feature is that it is designed for partial reuse of the crew module, which can be used for 10 flights, which will reduce costs and enable the fleet construction of these devices.

In order for the ship to serve the space station, its design will enable automatic connection with other vehicles, although as a safety measure pilot can command and execute emergency maneuvers.

New space of time

Since 1972, when the last moon landed, recent trips to the moon or more lost interest.

But in recent years, there have been more state and private initiatives that not only announce the return to satellite, but ambitious colonization plans, most of which are based on technology and spacecraft production.

China, for example, plans to land in 2018, while Russia announced that by 2031 there would be a ship there.

Meanwhile, many private initiatives are currently seeking a spatial business model, from mineral to the moon, to the sale of satellite parts as precious stones.

And, of course, the United States does not want to stay behind.

The American Space Agency has for years argued that there are still good reasons for returning to the moon.

NASA believes that the return of man could bring greater knowledge of the science of the moon and enable the application of new technologies in the field.


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