The road from tropical Central America, from the jungle to the gigantic capital of Mexico, and then to the desert leading to the United States. UU., reduces the health of a loaded caravan of migrants who have the risk of contracting respiratory infections such as tuberculosis and flu.
At dawn this Sunday, nearly 5,000 Middle Americans, mostly Honduran, marched to Tijuana, where of which they want to seek asylum in EE. UU., Although the president of that country, Donald Trump, last week signed a presidential mandate limiting the possibilities of asylum seekers at the border with Mexico and it does not allow such protection to be granted to those who enter their country incorrectly.
Pushing cars with children who are still sleeping and pulling heavy blankets with a cold night on the corridors of the Corregidor stadium in central Queretaro have reached the place where the road begins with neighbor Guanajuato. There, the first symptoms of exhaustion emerged among migrants, who underwent extreme changes in climate, overcrowding and physical exhaustion.
The teenager disappeared at the edge of the road. "It takes a few days with the fever," she told one of the young people who followed him before she was wearing it. A few feet in front of him, a four-year-old Honduran girl crashed to the floor, clamoring as the eternal line approached the cargo trailer with Mother of Peace Carolina Ayala.
"I do not know what he was, did not want to eat in the days … if something happens, I'm dying," the woman said between the buzz, and the paramedics managed an oxygen girl. Small Madaleli "leads to high temperature and glucose, should be evaluated by a pediatrician for a possible prediabetes. It is dehydrated, it did not eat well," said Luis Manuel Martinez, emergency health system coordinator of the local health secretary, When she returned to consciousness, the girl took emergency help in the hospital. His screams of pain had filled a good part of the caravan.
I do not know what he has, he did not want to eat in a few days
Winter is coming
Generally, the caravan comes in an "exacerbated state". "They come from a hot climate and here is the temperature lower, more wear and tears, people are not accustomed to these days of walking, they eat and sleep badly."explains Martinez.
For the physician, the most important risks are respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. "We have discovered pockets of flu and tuberculosis infection," said the Red Cross doctor who asked for anonymity and spent the night in the shelter.
At dawn, the symptom of sneezing, anxious sighs and coughs sounded in a beaten stadium camp, hit by heavy ice currents. "Most of us were affected by coughing, flu outbreaks, very cold, can not handle it," said José Castellano, a 20-year-old Honduran who left a medical center with full medicines.
The spread of viruses and bacteria is common. "If you do not take your boat with water, you must take it from your partner," explains the shaking young man, under the two pants and the double jacket you've seen. Castellano realizes that every day is passing closer to the winter, reaching lower temperatures below the northern boundary. "You have to be prepared not to kill us with hypothermia," he said.
Most of us are affected by coughing, flu. Because of the excessive climate, very cold.
Garbage and a new sanitary node
According to the World Health Organization's guidelines, tuberculosis affects the lungs, causing cough, fever, night sweats and weight loss. Although it is curable if treated instantly, spreading is coughing, sneezing, or spitting, like flu. These diseases can degenerate into epidemics, cause pneumonia or death.
Migrants are sleeping outdoors, creating a giant carpet or a multicolored mosaic. Along with them there are always mobile sanitary nodes that sometimes spill over, apart from the mountain of impurities and waste they produce.
The stadium has only rented ten toilets, "five for men and five for women (…) and we're a pile," said Julio Díaz, a Honduran electrician who has to cure a baby for eye infection.
"The problem is that some of us going here are neat, but others are very dirty, they have no education," he said, holding a plastic bag of medicine.
Through the labyrinth of the camp, sounds of headache, bones, legs, shoulders, ankles, stomachs, chest sounds. There is also the pain of the soul. "What hurts my heart, I miss everything I love in my country," says Araceli López, a single mother who embraces her daughter with a special earring comb.
"Kids always embrace and play, so they're all stuffed with their ears," she explains, breaking one of the parasites between the nails.