Every November 12 marks the World Day Against Pneumonia, and the respiratory disease has ended in 2015 with about 920,000 children, according to World Health Organization data.
The purpose of this date is to warn of the significant morbidity and mortality that continues to cause this disease and that the population is aware that they are always careful and care for their health.
According to WHO reports, this bacterium is responsible for up to one million deaths of children under five.
It is estimated that in Latin America there are between 980,000 and 1,500,000 annual cases and 28,000 deaths per year in the region.
However, half of these deaths could be prevented by vaccination.
What is lung inflammation?
Pneumonia is an infection that absorbs the air bags of one or both lungs. Air bags can be filled with liquid or dung (lump material), causing cough with litter or dung, fever, chills and breathing difficulties.
Various microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause lung inflammation.
Signs and symptoms of lung inflammation vary from moderate to severe and depend on several factors, such as the type of germ that caused infection, age and your overall health.
- Chest pain when breathing or coughing
- Disorientation or change in mental perception (in adults older than 65).
- A cough that can produce mucus.
- Fever, sweat and thirst quencher.
- Body temperature lower than normal (in adults over 65 and persons with weak immune system).
- Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
When to consult a doctor?
You need to be cautious of the symptoms and consult a physician when there is difficulty breathing, chest pain, temperature above 39 ° C, persistent cough, especially if you have cough and pus.
How does bacteria work?
The cause may be due to these factors and may spread to different types of bacteria.
- Bacterium. The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the United States. UU. It's Streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of lung inflammation may appear alone or after you have had a cold or flu. It can affect the part of the lungs; This condition is called lobar pneumonia.
- Organism type bacteria. Mycoplasma pneumoniae can also cause lung inflammation. Usually it produces milder symptoms than those produced by other types of lung inflammation. Wandering pneumonia is an informal name for the type of pneumonia that, in general, is not serious enough to require rest.
- Mushrooms. This type of lung inflammation is more common in people with chronic health problems or weakened immune systems, and in people who have inhaled large doses of these organisms. The mushrooms that cause it are found in the ground or in the faeces, and may vary depending on the geographic position.
- Virus. Some of the viruses that cause colds and flu can cause pneumonia. Viruses are the most common cause of lung inflammation in children under 5 years of age. Viral inflammation of the lung is usually mild. However, sometimes it can become very serious.
Who is more likely to suffer from illness?
It is more serious in infants and young children, people over the age of 65, and people with health problems or weakened immune systems.
Can it be prevented?
Pneumonia can be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi and, fortunately, can be prevented by immunization, adequate nutrition and environmental factors control.
Investments in the prevention, treatment and protection of children from pneumonia have contributed to a significant reduction in infant mortality in the last decade, but access to health services and treatments remains out of reach of many children in developing countries. , where 99 percent of deaths from pneumonia occurred.