Small but powerful. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck above the key bone. It controls many of the most important body functions and produces hormones that affect breathing, heart rate, digestion and body temperature. Then we answer six key questions about this vital gland for people's metabolism.
What are thyroid problems?
When we talk about thyroid function disorders, the most famous are: hyperthyroidism (when the thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormones than the body needs). And hypothyroidism (when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones). But they are not the only one. In addition, there are other problems such as thirst, which is increased thyroid; Also, Thyroid Cancer and Nodes: Thymus mites. And thyroiditis: thinning thyroid.
What are the key symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
"The most distinctive symptoms of hyperthyroidism are lack of muscle strength, insomnia, nervousness, trembling, palpitations, eye changes (projection of the eyes) and grief, among others," says Ana María Orlandi, head of the Ávvarez's Endocrinological Unit Throne Sector and president of the Argentine Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism.
And points to the most distinctive symptoms of hypothyroidism: tiredness, increased sensitivity to cold, severe constipation, drowsiness, generalized edema, dry skin and fragile nails, among others. "In both cases, symptoms may be rare in subclinical or severe illness when consultations or diagnoses are delayed and change is progressing," he says.
What Is Thyroid Subclinical Therapy?
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is a mild or monosimptomatic hyperthyroidism characterized by low levels of TSH and normal peripheral hormones (T4 and T3). Conversely, subclinical hypothyroidism is a mild degree of thyroid failure, which occurs with elevated TSH and normal peripheral hormones.
And how is it treated?
Treatment of these conditions depends on the age of the patient, biological moment, relationship with pregnancy, seeking fertility and more conditions. "Given these factors, treatment can be delayed, started gradually or in the same way as thyroid disease," says Orlandi.
These diseases affect women more than men. Is that right? Why?
"Although the cause-to-effect relationship has not been clearly demonstrated, it is believed that, since women have 2 x chromosomes, they will potentially receive a double genetic sensitivity dose. It appears to be more apparent to the development of autoimmune diseases," explains the expert.
And how do these diseases affect women's health?
Changes in the menstrual cycle. The thyroid helps control the menstrual cycle. Depending on the amount of thyroid hormone, periods may be very rare, prolonged or improper. Thyroid disease can also prolong the period of menstruation for several months or even longer.
Is this also causing difficulties to conceive?
Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism may make it difficult to become pregnant. This is because thyroid hormone problems can change the balance of hormones responsible for ovulation. Several studies found a greater incidence of clinical or subclinical thyroid insufficiency in infertile women compared to control women. But there have been no data so far that could prove the real incidence of infertility in these women.
Causes problems in pregnancy?
Thoracic irregularities during pregnancy can cause health problems in the mother and child. For example, pregnant women with hypothyroidism are associated with more abortion and / or premature labor, according to a specialist. It is therefore important to have control to exclude or detect problems before pregnancy and pregnancy.
What is post-partum thyroiditis?
It consists of thyroid inflammation after delivery and affects 10 percent of women. People with postpartum thyroiditis often feel exhausted and moody. It is important to know that this condition usually goes unnoticed because the symptoms are very similar to postpartum depression. This could also be premature menopause. If the immune system causes thyroid disease, other glands, such as the ovaries, may be endangered. This can cause early menopause (the cycle ends before the age of 40).
LA NACIÓN (Argentina) – GDA