update: 20.11.2018 17:27
published: 20.11.2018, 16:46
Prague – About 90 people die each year because of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, experts say. According to a pharmacy survey, one to half antibiotics are prescribed by doctors in hospitals, some of them being abused. Today, information is heard at a press conference about the European Week of Antibiotics. The Czechs spend about 15 million antibiotic packs per year.
"Data from the State Bureau for Drug Control show that doctors often choose broad spectrum antibiotics, patients are unnecessarily exposed to adverse effects and increase resistance to antibiotics," said Michal Prokeš of the Central Antibiotic Coordination Group. According to experts, doctors, unlike some other countries, have no feedback if properly prescribed antibiotics.
The main problem is the antibiotic resistance of bacteria for treatment in hospitals. According to the head of the National Reference Laboratory for Antibiotics Helena Žemličková, up to three-quarters of bacteria in hospital treatment are resistant. Over the last ten years, the number of these infections has risen almost twice. According to estimates quoted by Prok, 486 people died in the Czech Republic in 2015 by these infections.
According to the Michigan Troika of the Institute for Contagious Diseases of the Institute for Postgraduate Health Education, 20 to 50 percent of antibiotics in hospitals are currently poorly prescribed. "The basic problem is that doctors do not cure antibiotics as important medicines," he said. It differs depending on its impact on living microorganisms that are extremely dynamic. If antibiotics destroy only some bacteria, only those with resistant genes will continue to spread.
According to a study by the Czech pharmacy, which took place in the ninth week of the European Antibiotic Week, more than 11 percent of adults do not take antibiotics for the prescribed period, and almost every tenth remain unused antibiotics for potential needs. Five of the parents believe that antibiotics in children accelerate the recovery from colds, and almost a quarter believe that treating a doctor is not enough unless he prescribes cold medicines, but recommends only regimes.