Infectious diseases are no longer the world's greatest killers. Even in bad areas, they replaced them with non-transferable, mostly civilizational diseases. But unprecedented success brings unexpected problems – in Africa, where people often die from infections younger, there is not enough medical care for adult patients. Instead of cholera, poor people die of diabetes.
People in Africa experience a higher age, with non-infectious diseases such as cancer. However, local health care is not ready for it, and for example in Uganda there is only one radiotherapy facility waiting for the crowd,source:
Infectious diseases are not the main cause of death in Africa since 2011. In 2015, in the African continent, 44% of all deaths of diseases such as dysentery, pneumonia, malaria or tuberculosis. This number is still high, in most parts of the world, infectious diseases are responsible for less than ten percent of the total number of deaths.
However, the rate at which the number of victims of infection in Africa is falling is divine. Over the past few decades, the number has fallen three to four times faster than in developed countries. Africa is going through an extraordinary fast medical revolution.
People live long enough
In 1990, 25 percent of the total number of deaths were killed in poor countries in diseases such as diabetes or cancer. In 2040, that share will be 80 percent.
Increasing the number of non-contagious diseases is partly explained by the fact that people live long enough to develop the disease. Many people from the poor countries still face such diseases in the later years of people from developed countries. Heart disease, diabetes and other illnesses, known as civilization illnesses, are in fact becoming ill diseases.
According to medical expert Thomas Bollyky, the poor countries have to face the consequences of their success. This is because these countries are fighting against contagious diseases of the medical aid of the international community. In developed countries, that was not the case. In American cities between 1900 and 1936, mortality fell primarily due to water filtration and chlorination. Better hygiene, quarantine and education had beneficial effects before effective medications appeared.
Unfinished health care
Poor countries achieve the same results faster, but often without institutional changes that have passed cities in the developed world. Deaths among children have fallen. But the result is too often sick adults living without proper health care or employment opportunities.
Therefore, poor countries will have to spend more money on preventing and treating non-communicable diseases. The African elite often ignore the problem and seek care abroad. However, those who remain in those countries have at best a very limited health care.
Africa is urbanizing at an astonishing pace, but cities are often unprepared and overwhelmed by sick people.
Redirection to civilization diseases must be in Africa and foreign organizations. Cancer, upper respiratory tract, heart problems and diabetes make up 60 percent of all deaths worldwide. However, only one percent of all aid to developing countries is spent on health care for the treatment of non-communicable diseases.
Poor countries also need to take measures against pollution and tobacco products. African governments should oppose cigarette manufacturers and other promoters of unhealthy lifestyles.