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Alcohol can lead to significant liver damage at an early age

Drinking alcohol is especially dangerous for the liver

It is known that high alcohol consumption is not healthy. However, there are certain forms of alcohol consumption that are particularly dangerous. Colloquially known as a drinking alcohol drug, which is particularly popular among young people, can lead to early to serious liver damage, as the recent study shows.

Researchers at the California Department of Medicine and Sanford School of Medicine in South Dakota studied the prevalence of adult alcoholic liver disease in the United States for the period 2001 to 2016. aged 25 to 34 years. The reason for this is the team in so-called "drunkenness", so the mass consumption of alcohol in the short term. The results are presented in the Jama Network magazine.

A group of young people is in the night club
There are no complaints against alcohol cups among friends. However, those who regularly drink at risk of intoxication, even at an early age, have severe liver disease. (Picture: Jacob Lund /

When it comes to drunkenness?

Drinking alcoholic beverages is a favorite drink among young people who consume five or more alcoholic beverages within two hours. For women, drinking four or more alcoholic beverages is part of this drinking behavior. According to the current study, this type of alcohol consumption is particularly associated with an increased risk of cirrhosis, liver cancer and premature death – even at an early age.

Why does high alcohol consumption make the liver sick?

The reason for this is that heavy drinking of alcohol in a short time leads to increased fat content in the liver. From this, an alcoholic fatty liver can develop which provides a good basis for secondary diseases. This includes, for example, liver inflammation, hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Liver damage often goes unnoticed

Germany's liver help warns of strong alcohol consumption. It is particularly dangerous that liver damage remains unnoticed for a long time, as the liver does not have a feeling of pain. Symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, sensitivity to infection, jaundice, abdominal pain, difficulty concentrating, internal bleeding or kidney failure may in some cases indicate liver damage. However, in most people, the liver becomes visible only in the phase of cirrhosis.

Fatty liver can be regenerated

The liver has incredible regenerative power. As long as there are no serious illnesses, the fatty liver can be distracted. If the main cause of fatty liver is alcohol consumption, a consistent six to twelve-week alcohol abstinence can help replenish the liver, according to German help in the liver. In addition to alcohol, obesity and regular intake of certain medications are common causes of fatty liver disease. (Vb)


Graduated Editor (FH) Volker Blasek


  • Mayo Clinic: Alcohol-related liver disease is on the rise (Available on: 29.06.2019),
  • Wong, Terrence / Dang, Katherine, Ladhani, Sanah / etc: Prevalence of alcoholic fatty liver disease among adults in the United States, 2001-2016, Jama Network, 2019,
  • Deutsche Leberhilfe e.V .: Alcohol and Liver (Available on: 29.06.2019),

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