Saturday , June 19 2021

COPD: When the lungs are chronically diseased



Chronically delayed pulmonary disease, as well as English name Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease translate roughly. Disease, COPD for short, is gradually evolving over the years. One of the main symptoms is chronic cough. Particularly dangerous is that up to 85 percent of those affected early do not notice or know about your illness. In some cases, cough and respiratory disturbances are not related to COPD, which is why the first is not treated incorrectly. In addition, the first symptoms such as persistent cough and poor performance are often not taken seriously or pushed to other illnesses.

COPD often goes through spurts, progresses and can not be cured. The disease can be slowed down if it is detected early and treated properly. Depending on the severity and degree of illness, those affected may live almost normal with appropriate medicines. It affects up to 15 percent over 40 years. With years, the risk of developing COPD increases.

It happens in the lungs

In the disease, the bronchi are chronicly inflammated. Their walls, besides, thickened the heavy shapes of the mucus. This allows much less air to enter the alveoli, causing respiratory distress. Many patients also suffer from so-called pulmonary emphysema. At the same time, the walls of the alveoli were destroyed. As a result, less and less oxygen enters the bloodstream, the lungs are spreading, the weight is heavy.

signs

The first typical signs are coughing, coughing and respiratory disturbances. Many have been affected even with bad colds or flu. However, if the condition lasts longer than eight weeks, and if you are not really cold, you should definitely go to a family doctor. Often stubborn cough occurs especially in the morning. If you still hear the sound when you breathe or you have a short breath at low volumes, you should want to.

Risk Factors

Smoking is the biggest risk factor. Only 20 percent of those affected did not smoke. It damages the function of lung self-purification. Even passive smoking, especially in children and adolescents, may later cause COPD. The disease can also break out of heredity. Untreated asthma, delayed and unaddressed respiratory infections can also be harmful as well as polluting the environment of dust or gases.

Diagnosis

With the lung function test, so-called spirometry, your doctor will know if you have COPD. At the same time it is determined how much your lungs may have already been damaged.

Weight levels

The disease is divided into four levels of severity, calculated by age, sex, and lung function tests.

a course

COPD is slowly evolving. There are again and again relapses, so-called. Exacerbations, which significantly accelerates the course. They often cause respiratory illness. Therefore, patients should be protected against possible lung loads.

Although COPD is not healed, many patients do not die directly from the disease, but from the accompanying circumstances. Due to limited capacity, many are trying to protect themselves. They only raise lights of things, avoid climbing on stairs or distant distances. In the end, they almost only stay in their allegedly safe apartment. They are socially isolated, some get depression.

Treatment options

The most important immediate measure is to stop smoking absolutely. The injured party must reduce as much harmful effects as possible on the lungs. Medications like sprays keep the airway clear. Cortisone can be given for inflammatory processes. However, this anti-inflammatory drug is rarely considered a permanent solution. It is more likely to be used in acute attacks. Medications allow for a mostly normal life, always depends on the proper treatment and dosage of the lung specialist.

Those affected can continue to do so

In addition, special breathing exercises, regular exercise, proper sports exercises and fresh air exercises also help. All this works and can help against bronchial constriction. Special lung sports teams and even pulmonary chords are good starting points. Affected people are also more involved in social contacts. In addition, patients should be vaccinated against flu and pneumococcal. This prevents further stress on the lungs. Holistic therapy also requires a conscious diet so as not to unduly reduce body activity. Physiotherapy and other measures of rehabilitation that help strengthen the lungs and body if needed.

Regular control and counseling with the pulmonary specialist is also required. Only he can develop therapy based on your personal characteristics and disease information.

Prognosis

COPD has been previously discovered and treated, which is a better progression that can be slowed down. However, this depends on many personal factors of the patient. Generally, good patients can live a life that fulfills life in the long run. Nonetheless, the expected life expectancy has fallen for several years, and in the final weight, patients may depend on continued oxygenation. In addition, there may be depression, muscle loss and bone loss.


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