For the first time, a “space hurricane” was observed in the upper levels of the Earth’s atmosphere, which confirmed the existence of the phenomenon and illuminated the relationship between the planets and the universe.
These unprecedented observations were made by satellites in August 2014 and were only recently discovered, following an analysis conducted by a study conducted by Shandong University in China, with the participation of scientists from Reading University in the UK.
The analysis enabled the creation of 3D shows a rotating mass of plasma 1,000 km wide, several hundred kilometers above the North Pole, that releases electrons instead of water and resembles the hurricanes we know on Earth.
“Until now, it wasn’t certain that there was a hurricane from the plasma, so it’s amazing to prove it with such strong observation,” said Professor Mike Lockwood, a British university scientist. “Tropical storms are associated with large amounts of energy, and these space hurricanes must be formed by unusually large and rapid transfers of solar wind energy and charged particles to the Earth’s upper atmosphere.” space hurricanes should be widespread. “
Hurricanes on Earth take place in the lower layers of the atmosphere above the warm amount of water. When warm, moist air rises, it also creates an area of low pressure near the surface that sucks in the surrounding air, causing extremely strong clouds and creating clouds that lead to heavy rains.
Hurricanes were also observed on Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, while giant solar storms were also observed in the solar atmosphere. However, space hurricanes have not previously been detected at the highest levels of the planet’s atmosphere.
The space hurricane analyzed by the team in the Earth’s ionosphere rotated counterclockwise, had multiple arms, and lasted about eight hours. In a study led by Professor Zhang Qinghe, scientists from China, the United States, Norway and the United Kingdom used observations from four satellites. DMSP (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program) and a 3D model of the magnetosphere for image production. Relevant findings were published in Natural communications.