Tuesday , March 2 2021

Astronomers found a black hole that turned so fast to suckle space



Black holes are created when a massive star dies and falls with enough seriousness that nothing, even light, can escape her.

Black holes can absorb the surrounding mass and grow – turning into supermassive black holes that can lie in the center of the galaxy.

Now these Indian astronomers believe they have found a black hole that runs at a speed that is close to the maximum possible speed that can pass.

It was first noticed by X-rays that picked up the first Indian astronomy satellite, called AstroSat.

Black holes are characterized by spin and mass (Getty)

X-rays come from a binary-star star system called 4U 1630-47 which contains a black hole, about 10 times the mass of our sun. As gas, dust, and other matter absorbs a black hole that turns, the research team has realized that it spins fast enough to lift all the space around it.

"As black holes are created, the mass and speed of rotation are two characteristics that characterize them," said Hindustan Times, Sudip Bhattacharyya from TIFR, and principal investigator of Astrosat's soft X-ray telescope (SXT).

"The weight can be easier to measure because it has a long-term effect due to gravity as the black hole creates," he added.

According to Einstein's theory of relativity, the rapidly rotating black hole rotates itself.

Title: Black hole. Computer art that represents the black hole in the starfield. (AP)

This effect, coupled with a helical black spiral gas, can produce a rotating, heavily sprung vertical magnetic field bag that releases a large part of the gases from the black holes in the large jet jet.

And the team believes this particular black hole runs almost as fast as possible.

Including the black hole discovered by AstroSat, there are only five black holes that accurately measured the high spin rate.

Even if you do not take into account the rate of spinning, this black hole is one of only 20 others that have been observed in the Milky Way galaxy.

Title: These artworks show that the star is distorted by its narrow passage to the super-massive black hole in the center of the galaxy. (AP)

"Measurements, especially the speed of rotation, are very difficult and can only be achieved with high-quality X-ray images in the proper state of the double star system, in which the black holes are pearly matter from its accompanying star," said Mayukh Pahari.

The study, which is a joint effort between the United States and India, was accepted for publication in Zagreb Astrophysical magazine.


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