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Archaeological discovery helps prove Babylonian conquest of Israel – Israel News



Archaeological discovery helps to prove the Babylonian conquest of Israel

This is one of the Scythian type arrows found in the 587/586 destruction layer. Years BC.
(Photo Credit: MT ZION ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXPEDITION / VIRGINIA NOTERS)

Archaeologists have found evidence that indicates the validity of Babylon's conquest of the holy city of Jerusalem in 587/586. Years BC, as described in the Bible, according to a release published earlier this week.

A team of researchers from the University of North Carolina, Charlotte, who dug up a hill known as Mount Zion in Jerusalem, say they discovered the tip of a period arrow, layers of ash, pots from the Iron Age, as well as a "significant" piece of jewelry – gold silver tassels or earrings – archetypal about the period in question.

"The team believes that the newly discovered bearing can date to a particular conquest event due to the unique blend of found artifacts and materials – ceramics and lamps, lateral with evidence of the Babylonian siege represented by burning wood and ash, and a certain number of bronze and iron tips in the shape of a skit, typical of it period, ”the UNC archeological team wrote in a statement.

The Mount Zion Archaeological Project is co-directed by UNC Charlotte professor of history Shimon Gibson, Rafi Lewis, senior lecturer at Ashkelon College and a fellow at Haifa University, and James Tabor, UNC Charlotte professor of religious studies. The group has been active in the area for more than a decade, and has discovered a number of significant findings that relate to many historical periods of the ancient city.

In July 2019, archaeologists found evidence relating to the sack of the city during the First Crusade.

The present finding is one of the oldest and perhaps most prominent in its historical significance, since the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem is a major moment in Jewish history. Researchers say the unique blend of found artifacts and materials, along with how they were found – covered with layers of ash – solidifies the time period as well, and that some destructive event occurred at that time.

"Alternative explanations for artifacts can be removed," the researchers claim in their publication. "Nobody gives up gold jewelry and no one has arrows in their household trash. Honestly, jewelry is a rare find at conflict sites, because that's exactly the kind of thing that attackers will loot and melt away later.

Gibson explained that the arrows were known as "Scythian arrows" and were found in other archeological conflicts of the 7th and 6th centuries BC.

"They were quite common in this period and are known to be used by the Babylonian warriors," he explained. "Together, this evidence points to the historic conquest of Babylon, because the only major destruction in Jerusalem for this period was the conquest of 587/586 BC."

The pots help further the discovery, the lamp shards found are typical of the period.

"This is the kind of confusion you would expect to find in a devastated household after an attack or battle," Gibson said. "Household items, lamps, broken pieces of crunch that overturned and smashed … and the tips of arrows and a piece of jewelry that could have been lost and buried with destruction."

The Babylonian conquest, led by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, was a tragic battle that resulted in the loss of life, the complete destruction of the city, and the destruction of King Solomon's Temple.

The Torah recounts the effects that the siege of Babylon had on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, before the conquest: "The city was besieged until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. The ninth day [fourth] there was a famine in the city for a month, so there was no bread for the inhabitants of the land. Then a misdemeanor was made in the city and all the people of war [fled] at night through gates between two walls …. And he [Nebuzaradan, the Babylonian captain of the guard] burned the house of the Lord and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, even every house of the great man, were burned with fire. "(2 Kings 25: 1-9).

Every year at Tisha Be & # 39; Av, Jews around the world pray, mourn, and quickly remember this event, the destruction of the First Temple, and the subsequent destruction of the Second Temple, which took place in 70 BC. Tisha Be & # 39; Av – the ninth Hebrew month of Av – was celebrated earlier this week.

"It is very exciting to be able to dig up the material signature of any historical event, and even more so in connection with an important historical event, such as the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem," said the Lewis Project Co-Chair.

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