Governments should increase their spending on primary health care by an additional 1 percent of their gross domestic product (GDP) to increase coverage and end poverty, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Sunday.
Despite some progress, more and more people are being forced to pay with their own money for medicines and often expensive treatments, according to a WHO report with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Bank.
Public investment in primary care near homes, including vaccinations, is a way to increase coverage and save lives, she said.
"We believe it is achievable and affordable," Dr. Peter Salama, executive director of the World Health Organization for Health, told a news conference.
Increasing primary care levels in low- and middle-income countries would cost an additional $ 200 billion annually, he said.
"Although it seems like a huge amount, we know that most countries can actually afford it based on their domestic resources," Salameh said. Only a few countries need international assistance to advance their primary care. "
A report released ahead of the UN General Assembly summit says about $ 7.5 billion a year is spent on health globally.
Basic health services cover barely half of the world's 7.7 billion people, he said, calling for double the figure.
However, if the current trend continues, taking into account population growth, as many as 5 billion people will not have access to health care by 2030, which is the goals of world leaders who set 2015 for universal health care, the report said.
About 925 million people spend more than 10 percent of their income on healthcare, including 200 million more than 25 percent, he said.