University of Lithuania Intensive Care Unit (LSMU), led by prof. For the sixth consecutive year, Dalia Adukauskienė has organized a series of events to mark World Sepsis Day. During the cycle, members of the public are encouraged to take personal responsibility for their lifestyles, protecting their health and protecting them from the possibility of sepsis. Healthcare professionals were reminded of the most relevant sepsis related medical knowledge.
According to LUHS prof. According to D. Adukauskienė, a person dies every 3.5 seconds of sepsis – about 9 million. deaths every year.
"This condition in the body can develop for everyone, but prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of infections can prevent sepsis," says Prof. Dr. Kaunas University Hospital Intensive Care Clinic. D. Adukauskienė. She reminds us that sepsis is often understood as a blood infection, but this understanding is incorrect.
Currently, sepsis is defined as a life-threatening condition due to a distorted response by the body to an infection characterized by impaired organ function. Functional dysfunction should not occur with a normal immune response. In other words, it is an abnormal reaction of the immune system to an infection in the body, when the immune response is so strong that it damages its own tissues and organs, causing them not to function. Life-long sepsis can start with a common infection: a wound, flu, pneumonia, a urinary tract infection or other seemingly dangerous conditions of life.
Under normal circumstances, the immune system fights infection at its site and prevents bacteria from spreading to other tissues in the body. It activates phagocytic cells, inflammatory mediators designed to kill microorganisms, stop the spread and development of infection, and impair bodily functions. "If a delayed immune response causes the infection to spread, the immune system will not be able to fight it. Then the immune response becomes very dangerous, damaging not only the tissues affected by the infection but also the healthy ones, ”warns the Kaunas Clinic professor.
According to Eglė Audickaitė, a spokeswoman for Kaunas Clinic, research shows that sepsis can be reduced by as much as 30 percent if sepsis is suspected and treated early and properly. Early diagnosis of sepsis becomes the gold standard for managing this threatening condition.
Doctor prof. D. Adukauskiene lists the main symptoms of sepsis – severe weakness, fever or low body temperature, chills, blackened skin, loss of consciousness, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat. "If you are suspected of having sepsis, you should contact your nearest hospital as soon as possible. In this condition, a delay can lead to life-threatening complications: septic shock, multiple organ damage or death.
Because almost any infection can lead to sepsis, preventing infections and properly boosting immunity are important. These include good hygiene, monitoring and treatment of chronic diseases, healthy lifestyles and abandoning bad habits. After any infection, it is necessary to follow the doctor's recommendations and, of course, be aware of the signs of sepsis, ”says Prof. D. Adukauskienė.