Thursday , January 28 2021

Seimas ignores the warnings of international observers

Obviously, the committees, as well as the parties, may be suspected of corruption, it is increasingly doubtful that new politicians will only imitate, and there seems to be a lot of non-transparent political means by the committees. However, despite this, Seimas has tried this week to amend the Municipal Election Law, which would allow the parties, at least 35 days prior to the elections, to form a coalition with the electoral commissions. The law change had to be implemented after the start of the official election campaign.

Mayor of Vilnius Remigio Šimašius first came to the Central Election Commission (CEC) to officially announce he will begin on March 3 next year. going to local elections. 2015. Former Liberal Movement was Mayor R. Šimašių. Now this party has embarked on a corruption scandal and found itself in the bumblebee. R. Simašius withdrew from the liberal circle and reiterated his hope in the list of the public election committee "For Vilnius with whom we are proud of".

According to the CEC, about 200 such public election commissions will be in the upcoming municipal elections with political parties.

"The second question is in what form citizens are involved in managing their land and cities and cities. It is important that this form is truly democratic and reflects the will of the people," said R.Shimašius.

According to the CEC, about 200 such public election commissions will be in the upcoming municipal elections with political parties. 2015 Elections have raised their candidates for more than 50 electoral commissions on the side of municipalities in the country.

Mayors raised by public figures have won in Kaunas, Alytus, Panevėžys and Šiauliai. It is envisaged that the society will be more actively involved in the vote and that non-partisan activities will be more transparent. But he is seriously questioning the initiative – the first signal came from Panevezia when the Special Investigation Services (STT) held Mayor Ratko Mykolas Rackukasas, elected by the Electoral Commission "Povilas Urbysys už KARTU" and sought evidence in public places.

SIP member Vilius Semeška notes that the activities of the official electoral commissions have started at the moment they are registered at the Central Election Commission and ends on the day of voting. From that point on, the candidates who set up the committees, unlike the parties, have no obligation to report to the voters.

"Parties have a strict structure, there are ethical committees, supervisory boards that evaluate the activities of party members, their behavior, as well as an extremely strict financial report, sources of funding for political parties. Unfortunately, at the end of the election process, various organizations, foundations and associations are often formed the activities were not in any way regulated, "said V. Semeška.

Yosvydo Elinsko / 15min photos / Vily Smesška

Yosvydo Elinsko / 15min photos / Vily Smesška

Officially, election commissions, as well as parties, can not get business support, but this ban is much easier to charge.

The "White Glove" election observation organization has 58 electoral commissions, of which 19 and permanent associations or other public organizations coincide. Of them, even 8 did not submit reports to the Registry Center.

There are suspicions that the means for electoral commissions can go through public organizations with the same name. Such allegations led to the "Unified Kaunas" association, which was founded by Mayor Kaunas Visvaldas Matijositis, who was accused by the Central Election Commission of political advertising of the same name by the voting committee in the media.

"After 2015, the Central Election Commission of Municipal Councils recorded cases in which political advertising of members of the established public election commission was financed by a public money account with the same name. resignation, "said Laura Matjošaitytė, president of the CEC.

Politicians, independent election observers, have already said there is a need to establish equal conditions for all members of the municipal elections.

Ramūnas Karbauskis, Rima Baškienė and Naglis Puteikis, who currently represent the peasant Green Group, are already proposing a more radical option for electoral commissions to enable the formation of electoral coalitions with the parties.

Election observers believe that attempts to bind to one party and a one-time electoral committees additionally expose parties to the gray opaque zone.

"At the same time, this would not be so transparent for party financing." This would, in our opinion, agree with this proposal if the old problems were resolved firstly y would require that all polling committees and their affiliated organizations first declare their interlocutors and declare their financing, as well as where the funds come from, "said Gabriel Grubinsk, spokesman for" White Glove ".

Professor Tom Janeliūnas asserts that after deciding to take such a step, Seimas is at risk of destroying the party system in general.

"This is a bad idea as it further undermines the consolidation of the parties, and most likely politicians will look for these gaps and opportunities to participate as less effort as possible with less control. Finally, the result will be that the parties will no longer be engaged in acting regionally level in the way they have done so far, "said prof. Dr. Williams from the University of Vilnius, Institute for International Relations and Political Science. T.Janeliūnas.

This week, in the vote on coalition formation, Sejma missed the vote, but this question will be returned. The former chairman of the Central Electoral Commission and former judges of the Constitutional Court say in a single voice that the start of a municipal election campaign is the right moment to change the rules of the game.

Sigismund Gedwil / Photo of 15min / Zenonas Vaigauskas

Sigismund Gedwil / Photo of 15min / Zenonas Vaigauskas

"There are numerous comments from international observers, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the Venice Commission, such as the recommendations of good electoral practice, that a year before the law's election should be stable," said the former president of the CEC from 1994 to 2017. Zenonas Vaigauskas.

"The constitution consolidates the principle of legal certainty and justice, which in this case also means that the electoral rules can not be changed after the start of an election campaign," said the Judge of the Constitutional Court from 1999 to 2008. Dr. Vytautas Sinkevičius.

Seimas has pledged not to change the rules one year before the election, but this law will come into force in 2020, while electoral legislators have so far failed to agree with their model. And it seems to them that they are not so important as to risk violating the main law of the country ignoring the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe and the recommendations of the international observers of the OSCE.

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