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An uneven increase in the number of HIV / AIDS cases in Jamaica in 2018



Almost 1200 new cases of HIV / AIDS have been diagnosed in Jamaica last year, as the number of people living on the island living with this disease increased to 26,426.

This increased the incidence of HIV / AIDS in the country to 1.8 percent in the general population, compared to 1.7 in 2017.

The numbers are contained in 2018 Economic and Social Survey Jamaica announced the Jamaican Planning Institute (PIOJ) and invested in parliament on Tuesday.

It was noted that 621 or 52 percent of 1,197 new cases of HIV / AIDS reported in Jamaica last year were men, with the largest share being among people aged between 20 and 39.

More women living with HIV / AIDS were found in the age group of 20 to 29 years, while men dominated in the age group of 30 to 39 years.

PIOJ noticed that the national response to HIV continues to work towards the World Health Organization's "90-90-90" goals by 2020, where 90 percent of people who are HIV positive need to know their status; 90% of the diagnosed patients should be kept in the treatment of antiretroviral drugs (ARV); and 90% of those with ARV should be virally suppressed.

So far, Jamaica has been able to ensure that approximately 78 percent of the estimated number of people living with HIV is diagnosed, while 37 percent of that number is cured.

But only 47 percent of people living with HIV are kept in care of ARV drugs, and only 56.0 percent are virally suppressed.

The National Unit for HIV / SPI / Tb began using the & # 39; Test and Start & # 39; approach as a strategy for achieving 90-90-90 treatment goals in January 2017.

According to PIOJ, although Jamaica has successfully increased access to treatment and care services, data analysis of retention-related data has shown an increase in follow-up loss in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy.

As far as care is concerned, 75.0% of the diagnosed patients are associated with care, and 62.0% of the related persons are kept in care. Of those who are kept in care, 95.0% is on ARV drugs, but only 52.0% are virally suppressed

PIOJ said he is now focusing on closing gaps in the loss of monitoring and control of viruses in all places and this process will continue.

The lack of adherence to treatment and care has been identified as an obstacle to further reducing morbidity and mortality from AIDS.

On the island, men had more direct and indirect mortality than AIDS compared to women, and a higher percentage of deaths occurred between the ages of 40 and 59.

Jamaican HIV / AIDS Strategic / Political Priorities are guided by the National Integrated Strategic Plan (NISP) for Sexual and Reproductive Health 2014-2019.

NISP has consolidated about five priority areas with related interventions, key activities and outcomes.

These are prevention and sexual and reproductive health; universal approach to treatment, care and support and services; stimulating environment and human rights; monitoring and evaluating HIV response, family planning and sexual health, and sustainability, management and leadership.

Last year, Jamaica's efforts to tackle HIV / AIDS have spurred on the grants of international partners, including the US Agency for International Development (USAID), which provided $ 7.6 million ($ 985.9 million) to the National Health Ministry for National Response to HIV,

The US agency also donated $ 3 million ($ 389.2 million) to the Jamaican Health Policy project, which seeks to bolster advocacy to reduce HIV spread and improve access to HIV / AIDS programs and services.

USAID also provided $ 1.8 million ($ 233.5 million) assistance to the LINKAGES project aimed at addressing HIV and network vulnerability responses by strengthening public awareness, HIV testing and counseling, and linking to care services and treatment.

The Global Fund for Combating AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has also provided support to support the implementation of the National HIV / AIDS Program, focusing on reducing AIDS and AIDS mortality through effective biomedical and auxiliary interventions.

A total of USD 4.0 million (USD 518.9 million) was paid in comparison to USD 5.2 million (USD 674.5 million) in 2017.

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