Resistance to antibiotics today is one of the most wanted worries in the world and will probably pull human civilization into the pre-antibiotic age. A new report titled "Stemming the Superbug Tide," speculated that antibiotic-resistant bugs could soon kill more than 90,000 Britons over the next three decades if they did not calm down now.
The main mechanisms by which microorganisms show resistance to antimicrobial drugs. Picture Credit: Designua / Shutterstock
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report suggests that antibiotic resistance is likely to destroy 2.4 million people throughout Europe, Australia and North America by 2012 unless it stops. Of these 1.3 million will likely happen in Europe, and 90,000 predicts in Britain, the report says. Discovery of antibiotics is described as "one of the biggest threats to modern medicine" in this latest report. There are currently 44,000 deaths in the UK due to sepsis caused by antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria. About 17 percent of all infections in OECD countries due to antibiotic resistance say the report.
The report advises that there are simple measures to be taken to reduce and slow down the progression of resistance to antibiotics. This includes hand-washing routines, better hygiene and health care for health workers. The report recommends a conservative antibiotic prescription. They suggest that all infections must be quickly tested for the sensitive antibiotics. This can prevent the emergence of new pinnacles and also enable better treatment of infection in the first place. An empirical therapy with antibiotics should be stopped, as experts suggest. The report suggests that antibiotics could be deprived during the first three days of time that viral infections may be reduced. This would also prevent unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions. The report advocates a broad public awareness campaign to help people adopt a safe policy of using antibiotics.
The report warns that antibiotic-resistant microbes are more rapid in low- and middle-income countries compared to developed countries. Many strains have already developed resistance to antibiotics of the first order against them. The report adds that over the next few decades strains of bacteria will develop resistance to the second and third lines of the reserved antibiotics, as well as their infection is difficult to cure. Warnings are important for southern European countries such as Italy, Greece and Portugal, which are among the largest nations in danger among the OECD countries.
This report is one of the results of the campaign in England against patients seeking medication when they are not needed. According to Public Health England (PHE), antibiotics that are active against serious infections are routinely prescribed for minor infections such as those in the throat, ear, etc. Which often improve without treatment. The main campaign slogan was "antibiotics are not always needed".
Experts have suggested that the resistance to antibiotics in the long run be expedited quickly, and this report proves it. For example, Tim Jinks, a drug-resistant Wellcome Trust manager, explained that resistance to antibiotics is a threat to "global health and development." The OECD report states that an increase in resistance to antibiotics can greatly increase the cost of health care and halt it now will reduce the cost of health care to just $ 2.50 per person a year. Further three out of four deaths could be avoided if measures are taken now, the report says.