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Health: Increase in more than 38,000 cases of pulmonary inflamed patients in Peru

November 10, 2018 14:00 hours.

According to the latest reports by the Ministry of Health (MINSA), so far this year there were more than 38,000 cases pneumonia in children of 65 years.

The main contagious causes of death in a population older than 65 years include pneumonia and flu. Therefore immunization in this age group is a priority for public health and inside vaccine he recommended it pneumococcal vaccine (Included in the vaccination scheme for elderly 60 years for the year 2019).

According to the latest epidemiological bulletin volume 27, to week 40 of 2018, 22,875 episodes of pneumonia in children under the age of 5, 12.8% more compared to the same period of 2017 and 247 deaths.

On the other hand, there are 15,739 episodes pneumonia over 60 years of age reported, 23.6% more than reported in 2017 in the same period and 1005 deaths.

Complications caused by lung inflammation

In the concrete case of an adult population, pneumonia it can be a huge burden to adults pneumonia can have significant consequences for that infection.

For example, pneumonia can lead to potential complications, such as respiratory failure (requiring a respirator or ventilator) and septicemia (condition in which there is uncontrolled inflammation in the body which can cause widespread organ failure).

Symptoms, such as weakness, wheezing and fatigue, it may also take several weeks to disappear.

Can inflammation of the lungs be prevented?

Oscar Gayoso, Pulmonologist and Former President Peruvian society of pulmonology, points out that most cases of this disease can be prevented by vaccinating the population at risk, as this research shows that vaccination reduces the number of episodes Respiratory system infection.

Although pneumonia This occurs mainly in low-temperature seasons, an expert recommends a stay alert throughout the year.

"In most cases pneumonia start with a viral image. vaccine can prevent spreading of viruses from influenza, which is responsible for 80% of hospitalization and deaths Viral pneumonia, and pneumococcal infections (the most common germ in Pneumonia in the community). generally, disease caused by pneumococcus are associated with a low response of the immune system and the history of the disease of the patient. children elderly people are the most vulnerable population and in the presence of respiratory discomfort medical assessment has to be carried out, they are the population most exploited by vaccination, "says Gayoso.

Other preventive measures against lung inflammation

Although the expert clarifies it is vaccination the main measure is to avoid it disease, it also recommends other preventive measures such as avoiding contact with patients, performing frequent hand washing, warming and consuming food which increase defense of the body, like fruits rich in vitamin C (strawberries, kiwi, citrus).

On the other hand, it suggests attending the city center health When a patient presents respiratory symptoms and must be in an emergency situation in the presence of high temperature or difficulty in breathing or changing the sensors, indication of the indicator of possible severe pneumonia.

Faced with this problem health "Every year, Pfizer recognizes its importance World pneumonia day and the importance of helping to prevent this potentially lethal disease.

Adult pneumonia, including pneumococcal pneumonia, this can be a serious consequence disease they can be significant, "said Ana Dolores Román, general manager of Pfizer Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia.

"We hope all adults aged 65 and over in Peru and across the globe use this day to talk to their doctor about the ways they can be protected," she explained.

About the World Day Against Pneumonia

Established in 2009, this day aims to raise awareness about it disease and about the potential dangers that present so much children as well as for adults all over the world. World Day Against Lung Disease, which is celebrated every year on November 12, has also become an important moment in which organizations around the world are united to talk about disease, to promote interventions to prevent and treat them, and to take measures to combat it.

What is pneumococcal pneumonia?

Pneumonia, which includes pneumococcal pneumonia That's a infection serious that can cause death in children in the world; however, disease It can also have serious consequences for adults, partly because of deterioration immune system refer to age.

Expression pneumococcal disease, including pneumococcal pneumonia refers to the group of diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcal.

This bacterium (S. pneumoniae) was also identified as the most common bacterial cause of NAC worldwide; NAC represents the bulk of cargo pneumococcal disease in adults. Symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia include cough, high temperature, chills and difficulty breathing.

Although everyone can get it pneumococcal disease, some people have an increased risk of infection, including children up to two years and adults 65 and over. Other Risk Factors for pneumococcal pneumonia include diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (KOPB) i a immune system depressing. Smoking and alcoholism also increase the risk.

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