Definitely I do not want to sound like your mom here, but … did you get your flu last year? Continue the question: Are you planning to get next year?
I just wonder because, you know, the flu can be deadly. Only 61,200 people died from it last season, according to data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Just as a baseline, flu can cause 12,000 deaths per year during a mild season, and more than 56,000 deaths a year are considered a more serious fight by the CDC. eek.
Do they hesitate to hit the needle? We've realized that the flu shot is still there, and that's a shot, and that's for some. It can also be a kind of crapshoot. Example: During the 2017 season people went under the needle, but still got flu due to "incompatibility of the vaccine", according to the commentary on Medical Journal of New England, Season 2017 – 2018. Flu injections were only 36 percent effective (womp, womp).
Last year, however, things were a bit better *.
It was reported that the footage was about 47 percent effective during the 2018 season, according to CDC. To put it in broader contexts, flu-like smoking generally provides 65 percent protection against flu-like illness, says Dr Amesh Adaly, senior scientist at Johns Hopkins Health Insurance Center.
So even if * you * 47% can sound low, it does not mean you skip your annual injection.
"Just because the vaccine is not 100 percent." [effective] does not mean it is worthless, "says Dr Adal. "Even if you get a flu, [if you’re vaccinated] much less likely you will have a serious case requiring hospitalization, you are less likely to have a major destruction in your life, and less likely you will spread it. "
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In addition, there is hope that next year's record will surpass its two most recent predecessors.
Since there are different flu viruses (which are constantly changing), the vaccine is revised and changed year after year. The World Health Organization (WHO) has already selected components that should be part of the 2019-2020 vaccine in order to protect it better from viruses that will soon appear in the circulation. But again, there is no way to predict exactly how much this year's grip will be bad because the virus is constantly changing.
Another thing to remember? The talk of many flu-like side effects is greatly exaggerated. Actually, you can not give flu flu to the flu, and while there are some possible side effects, Dr. Adala says most of it is rare.
For the real side effects, just be aware, read this list. But still, wrap your sleeve, because the flu season is here. And guess what? The vaccine is still your best protection for your stay.
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1. Bol in the shoulder
If you receive inflammation of the flu as an intramuscular injection (usually in your hand, usually), there is a probability of 10 to 64 percent to feel the pain in the muscles in the upper arm, the hard drive CDC.
This is because the needle is injected directly into the muscle, causing microscopic cell damage, and is designed to cause an inflammatory response to the immune system. You can take an OTC pain reliever while you wait for the pain to disappear, but if pain is very noticeable or reduces mobility, Dr. Adal recommends that you consult with your doctor.
2. Redness or swelling at the injection site
Whenever you burn the skin and put something in your body, it can cause the actual reaction, says Dr Adal. It's just a sign of your immune system activating.
However, redness and swelling at the place where you shoot is a common side effect usually lasting only a few days. It will go away by itself, but if you really bother, you can take ibuprofen or acetominofen.
3. Pain in the body
Any vaccine can cause bodily pain because of the way the immune system activates, says Dr Adal.
If you feel painful at other places, not on your hand, you do not usually have to worry, though Dr Adal notes that taking the flu takes two weeks to become fully effective – so that your physical illness may be a sign of the actual flu, since viral strains are probably around the time you get the vaccine.
4. Seizure at the point of injection or rash of the entire body
This would signal an allergic reaction, but "it is very rare to have an allergic reaction to the flu," notes Dr. Adalja. "There are many myths about egg and vaccine allergies," he explains, "because most of the infections with flu and nasal sprays are produced using technology that includes small amounts of egg protein, as the CDC explains."
"If you can eat an apricot, you will not have any problems with influenza inflammation," Dr. Adal says. If you have a confirmed allergy to eggs, you will probably get a shot, by CDC.
However, if you experience severe itching, rashes around the body, or signs of anaphylactic shock, seek medical help immediately. If you have had an allergic reaction to the flu in the past, you are among the small groups of people that CDC recommends to stop taking flu.
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You will probably not get a fever for the vaccine, but if you do, it should be low (ie Less than 38 degrees). If it is higher than that, do not blame your flu – you probably have a completely unrelated disease. "Remember that you get the vaccine at the peak of the respiratory virus season," Dr. Adal says. – So you might have incubated another virus [without knowing it]".
And once again (for people in the back!): Flu shot can not give you flu. While some flu vaccines contain strains of the virus, they are not living strains so you can not get sick. Meanwhile, some flu shot do not contain any viruses (they only contain a certain protein from a flu virus) by CDC.
6. Dizziness or unconsciousness
This is less of the side effects of the vaccine itself, and the more side-effect of the needle fob, says Dr Adal. If you think you have a stress reaction or faint, have your doctor give you a head to make sure you sit behind the screen to prevent injuries.
7. Guillain-Barre syndrome
Guillain-Barre's syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disorder that stimulates a wide range of things from vaccine to viral infections.
GBS causes damage to the nervous system, resulting in symptoms such as muscle weakness, drowsiness, walking or strangulation, and even paralysis, Dr. Adal says. While 70 percent of people are completely recovering from the disorder, the recovery period may range from several weeks to years, according to the US National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
But he also says the link between GBS and the flu vaccine is exaggerated: "People should remember that influenza alone is more likely to cause GBS than a vaccine."
Since no more than one or two cases per million people vaccinated will have this side effect, it is better to take your (super small) chances with GBS than with one of the many common, serious complications that often come with the grip itself.
This article was originally published on the day www.womenshealthsa.co.za.
Image Credit: iStock
Sarah Bradley and Cassie Shortsleeve