The city of São Paulo recorded 5.377 new HIV / AIDS cases last year, of which 3.344 HIV and 2.043 are viruses, AIDS. In both cases there was a decrease compared to 2016, when 3,433 HIV cases (2.8% drops) and 2,251 AIDS cases (9.2% decrease) were reported.
"This decline in AIDS cases shows that the city of São Paulo is increasingly able to extend the treatment for people living with the virus, preventing the disease from manifesting," says Cristina Abbate, coordinator of the STD / AIDS Municipal Program, from the Municipal Health Secretariat ) São Paulo.
New HIV data in the city of São Paulo show that the epidemic continues to concentrate on males (87.2% of the total number), with the ratio of five new cases in men to one in women. The situation is different when seen from AIDS data, where 80.2% of new records for 2017 were in men, which is the ratio of 4 to 1 sexes.
Young people aged 20 to 29 continue to be the age group with the highest number of HIV reports, with 45.6% of the total cases last year. AIDS also focuses on young people, with an emphasis on people aged 25 to 29, with 18.4%, and in a slightly older age group of 30 to 34 with 17% of new disease data.
The main form of HIV infection is sex, as confirmed by the data from 2017, when this category of virus exposure represented 87% of new cases in state capital. Out of this, 53.1% of the announcements were in persons who declared themselves homosexual; 27.3% in heterogeneity and 6.6% in bisexuals. In the latest AIDS records, sex represented 86.1% of infections, with 39.7% of total homosexuals, 39.6% of heterosexuals, and 6.8% in bisexuals.
"One of the main focus of the secretariat, through the STD / AIDS Municipal Program, is precisely the implementation of HIV / AIDS susceptible actions targeting the public, focusing on the sociability of these people by achieving rapid testing in mobile units, condom distribution male and female, among other things, "says Edson Aparecido, municipal secretary of health.
Compared to early diagnosis (HIV detection rate), the central region is the leader with 123.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, followed by the West with 29.2 and North with 24.9. The South and South regions are tied to 4th place, with a 23.8 percent. Finally, the eastern region has 21.8, the lowest level of detection in the municipality. The central region also has the highest level of detection of late AIDS diagnoses (53.4), then North (18.4), Southeast (16.5), West (15.2), Southern (14.7) and East 14.1).
The number of AIDS deaths also dropped in the capital from 6.1 cases per 100,000 population in 2016 to 5.4 in 2017, a decrease of 11.5%.
All data is based on SINAN, Center for Disease Control (CCD), Coordination of Health Control (Covisa), SMS and State Data Analysis System (SEADE). In addition, the information is preliminary from 6 June 2013, depending on the revision.