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Prevention and awareness are essential for dealing with AIDS – Horizons



This Saturday (1) will mark the World AIDS Day, a date that aims to awaken the society about illness, its prevention, treatment and reduction of prejudice.

In the aluzio to date, the State Health Secretariat (SES-MG) carries out an informative campaign that will be posted on Sexo Seguro, Health Blog MG and social networks (Facebook, Twitter and Instagram). The aim of the action is to disseminate information on the care, preventive measures and method of treating AIDS and STIs. In addition, intent is to increase the importance of early diagnosis.

"The AIDS discovery rate has declined in Brazil in recent years, but it is necessary to be careful about its occurrence," said Maya Marques de Almeida, the STI / AIDS coordinator and the viral hepatitis of the General Secretariat for Minerals Health (SES-MG).

cure

In Brazil, in 1996, all people with AIDS diagnosis receive free therapies through a Single Health System (SUS), available from the UDM Center for Counseling and Testing (CTA) and specialized care services) . From 2013 onwards, treatment is also offered to all people who have a reactive diagnosis of HIV / AIDS, ie people who have a virus but who have not shown any disease.

"Treatment, which currently counts 22 drugs in 38 pharmaceutical presentations, consists of the use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) that help prevent the immune system weakening and it is necessary to increase the time and quality of life of people living with HIV, with a reduction in hospitalization and an infection due to opportunistic diseases, "explains Mayara de Almeida.

Disease in Minas Gerais

Infographics: Deise Meireles /

AIDS

Click on the image to enlarge it.

In Minas Gerais, between 2010 and 2018, 38,052 HIV / AIDS cases were reported. By 2018, 3,732 cases have been reported to date. The most endangered age group is young people aged 20 to 34 years.

"HIV / AIDS infection in the younger population has dramatically increased over the past 10 years, due to the fact that these people in a sexually active phase and often with multiple partnerships, apart from drug and alcohol use, are also more common in this age group, says Mayara de Almeida.

The male public also shows much better disease data when it comes to female appearances. During 2018, males reported 2,844 cases of illness and 888 cases in women. In relation to death, in Minas Gerais, in 2017, there were 743 deaths associated with the disease, and in 2018, 39 deaths were reported.

hiv table

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PEP and PrEP

Exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is an emergency prevention measure for HIV infection, viral hepatitis and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which is the use of drugs to reduce the risk of getting these infections. It should be used after any situation where there is a risk of infection, such as:

– sexual violence;
– Unprotected sexual intercourse (without condoms or condoms);
– Work accident (with sharp instruments or direct contact with biological material).

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) on HIV is a new method of preventing HIV infection. PrEP consists of daily tablets that prevent the virus that causes AIDS to infect the body before a person has contact with the virus.

PrEP is not for everyone. This is indicated for people who are more likely to get in touch with HIV. How: LGBTs;

– Trans men;
– Sex workers;
People who often stop using the condom during sex;
– have unprotected sex with a person who is HIV positive, not on treatment;
– Repeated use of PEP (prophylaxis after exposure to HIV);
– has a frequent episode of sexually transmitted infections (STI).

Zaraze and prevention

The main forms of transmission of HIV / AIDS are through sexual intercourse (anal, vaginal and oral), without the use of condoms. There is also a transfer from an infected mother to a child during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding. Sharing contaminated syringes or needles, non-sterile perforated instruments are also ways of transferring the disease.

The most effective method of avoiding HIV / DIS transmission is the use of condoms (male and female) in all sexual relationships. Condoms are available in all basic health units, and other forms of prevention are:

– Do not share pins, syringes, straws and tubes;
– Use sterilized materials in the use of peringos and tattoos;
– perform prenatal examinations during pregnancy;
– Avoid blood transfusions without strict bag control;
– Avoid unsterile materials in dental clinics, manicures, diving, etc.


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