Amherst's employees discovered in Harvard's forest a series of giant viruses that they did not meet in the wild before. Scientists expressed the opinion that they were created on the background of rising temperatures.
Harvard Forest studies last for at least 30 years. The purpose of the research was to detect changes in the soil that appear under the influence of global warming. However, a totally unexpected discovery was the discovery of 16 new giant viruses. Trying to understand how these viruses change at higher temperatures, scientists have isolated them. So researchers have turned out to artificially bring new forms of life. These forms of life are completely different from bacteria, eukaryotes and archea.
Scientists believe this discovery can be attributed to pandoravirus. Padoraviruses were discovered by French biologists in Chile and Australia in 2013. Their most unusual asset was a genome, which would only be known to biologists by 7%. Viruses called "Pandora". Later, biologists have said that pandoraviruses can create new genes from scratch, which is considered a rare and probably evolutionary phenomenon.
The discovery of pandoravirus has provoked fierce discussion and divided scientists into two camps. Some adhere to the theories that these "giants" were made from ordinary viruses that copied a large number of host genes in their genes. Other scientists have been hypothesized that these giant viruses are a special form of life – along with bacteria, archea and eukaryotes.
– Correspondent RIA CrimeaMedia