Members of the Ain Hanech team have dug up in Ain Boucherit. Sohnouni et al
Archaeologists have discovered 2.4 million years of old stone tools and animal bones in Algeria – a finding that provokes the conventional idea that the cradle of humanity lies in eastern Africa.
Rather, it suggests that the first or the first people are rapidly expanding to other parts of Africa than their eastern African homeland, or that people have emerged at the same time across the larger continental region.
Almost all archaeological studies have so far indicated East Africa as the origin of the earliest hominine. The reason for this is very little information on the activities of the first hominine in the northern part of the continent.
Archaeologists have discovered stone tools made from early hominines in North Africa, which are closest to them by the tools discovered in East Africa of 2.6 million years.
The research, involving many international researchers, was led by Mohamed Sahnouni, an archeologist at the Centro Nacional de Investigazione sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) in Algeria.
"The Lithuanian industry, Ain Boucherita, technologically similar to Gona and Olduvai, shows that our ancestors jumped all over Africa, not just eastern Africa," said Mohamed Sahnouni.
The researchers investigated the Ain Boucherite archaeological finds in the Ain Hanech region of Algeria and discovered stone artefacts as well as animal bones with cutting marks (created with stone tools) with an estimated 2.4 and 1.9 million years of chronology. According to the researchers, these tools were made of creams and limestones, and they received forms of helicopter, subspheroid and polyhedron. Some were sharp tools, probably used for cutting animal carcasses.
The discovery of animal bones with cutting marks suggests that these early hominines used the meat and essence of animals of all sizes. They used sharp blades effectively, suggesting they were not brave and successfully competing with the shepherds of that period.
Archaeologists believe hominid fossils are old as those discovered in East Africa and can be found in North Africa in the near future.
"Future research will focus on the search for human fossils in the nearby Miocene and Pluto-Pleistocene deposits, in search of tools and older stone tools," Sahnouni discovered.
The results of the research were published in the journal Science.