See the version of this incredible high resolution map by clicking here
For centuries, Mars has been mythically determined by its characteristic red appearance.
In Babylonian astronomy, Mars got its name Nergal, the deity of fire, war and destruction. In Chinese and Japanese texts, the planet was known as fire star.
Although this unique reddish shade has been the key determinant of Marx culture for centuries, today we know that the soil of iron oxide in the Marian landscape is what makes it a "Red Planet" – and that Mars is far more than its color after closer observation.
Above, today's map set and created by Reddit / hellofthemeon, combines data from the centuries of observation and numerous missions on the Red Planet to map its geology to a large extent.
The red dot in the sky
Egyptian astronomers first watched the planet Mars four thousand years ago and called it "Horus-Red." Babylonian astronomers marked their way through the night sky to track the flow of time. But in 1610, when Galileo Galilei saw his own eyes on Mars with his telescope, Mars was discovered as a whole other world.
Over the centuries, with the advancement of technology, a number of astronomers watched and roughly painted everything, ranging from polar ice caps to yellow clouds, and white and dark spots that mark different elevations over Mars. Some of the earliest maps on Mars date from 1831. But there is only so much that you can observe exactly from the Earth's surface.
On July 14, 1965, NASA successfully received the first paintings of Marx from the Mariner 4 spacecraft, which passed through 9,844 km of Mars's surface. Mariner 4 captured the image of a large old crater and confirmed the existence of a thin atmosphere composed mainly of carbon dioxide.
Since then, four space agencies have successfully reached Mars: NASA, the former Soviet space program, the European Space Agency, and the Indian space exploration organization. From orbital satellites to surface exploration with robots, each successful mission has returned important data to evolve the evolving image of the planet.
Here is a complete list of successful and unsuccessful missions on Mars.
On Mars we see volcanoes, canyons and pools similar to those on Earth. Yellow colors scattered on the map point to meteoric impacts of varying sizes, while red lines point to volcanoes and their associated flow of lava. Different colors of brown color point to mountainous hills and middle areas that make up the majority of southern hemisphere.
Planet looks asymmetrical. Most of the southern hemisphere is very crater and resemble moonlit elevations. By contrast, the northern hemisphere is rarely cratered and has many large volcanoes.
Mars is about half the Earth's diameter, but both planets have the same amount of land. This is because the current surface of Mars does not have any running water.
Mars and Earth are very different planets when it comes to temperature, magnitude and atmosphere, but geological processes on two planets are spooky. The same size of some form of terrain on Mars would be overshadowed by similar features on Earth due to lack of water erosion. This lack of erosion has retained the geological features of the old billions of years.
The highest mountain on Mars and Sun's system is Olympus Mons, and two and a half times higher than Mt. Everest. The Marseilles canyon system, named Valles Marineris, is the length of the entire continental part of the United States and three times deeper than the Grand Canyon.
Mars Colony: Location, Location
The first step in colony building is to find out where are the best survival opportunities. For Mars, some researchers have identified semen planets, which contain thousands of ice deposits. It is believed to contain large amounts of ice that the settlers could draw and turn into liquid water.
Poles are also hosts of other natural resources, such as carbon dioxide, iron, aluminum, silicon and sulfur, which can be used for making glass, brick and plastics. Furthermore, the planet's atmosphere contains enough hydrogen and methanol for fuel.
The top chart represents the highlight of a centuries-old work that we are happy enough to look at on the computer, conveniently online so we can appreciate and wonder what life is on the surface of Mars.
Who knows what other research will reveal.
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