It is really important to recognize this disorder on a timely basis.
What exactly is dyslexia?
It is a developmental disorder involving specific learning disabilities, especially reading. The child has a problem to learn to read despite acceptable intellectual abilities, understand reading text, and reproduce correctly in writing.
The most common cause is genetic predisposition (up to 40% of parents with dyslexia have dyslexic parents), to a lesser extent exogenous factors (brain damage in the prenatal, perinatal or postnatal period – before, during and after delivery).
It is important to know that children with dyslexia are not stupid or lazy. The main area of the problem is the way the brain works. People with dyslexia use different parts of the brain to read like those who do not. For this reason, literacy is a big problem.
Children learn to read in a way that they learn to connect the sound of letters / words in writing. In this regard, dyslexics have a big problem. Reading does not become an automatic activity because dyslexic children have difficulty decoding words and letters, they are given their sound form, and then use that wordless reading ability.
Although the diagnosis of this disorder is complicated and requires a comprehensive review of the psychologist, the parent may also suspect the disease if he is well acquainted and observes the child.
If your child has this type of problem, look for pedagogical-psychological counseling:
- One of the first warning signals is slow speech development. The child seems to know little or little about his age.
- There is a problem connecting phoneme and graphs – connecting a visual form of letters with its text. It's not certain what type of alphabet makes sound (imagine you see the letter B. Now read it loudly, the disciple has a big problem).
- It reads much lower academic level than it says.
- When you read abruptly, short words often skip.
- It often happens to confuse letters with words or similar sounds.
- You have a problem with assigning a visual object to words (it will bring a knife instead of a fork).
- There are problems with using words that sound the same but have a different meaning.
- It's hard to find two words.
- You have difficulty learning new words, knowing colors.
- There are problems with the teachings of rickshaws that have some rhythm.
- He reads slowly, does not like to read aloud, it is difficult to understand the reading of the text due to the difficulty of decoding letters and words.
- Difficult to reproduce the text. Even if he is a fairy tale reader, he may not have a problem summarizing the story.
- I may have difficulty using the proper word. He has long sought the expression he wants to use, and is often used incorrectly, similar to the right one.
- The written text is in a state of error in the same word.
- There are problems of viewing (sometimes even listening) differences and similarities in words and letters.
- This has distorted the perception of the differences in the details of the letters, their positions – for example, the inversed forms (b, d).
- Often they have skipped or added letters in the words.
- There is a difficulty in understanding jokes and statements that are symbolic.
- It is not able to distinguish pits, soft / heavy (two) or short or long tones.
- The problem is to determine the exact order of words in the words, the words in the sentence.
- They have a problem of keeping the word short-term memory (if you ask it to bring a book, paper and pencils, it will bring one, and not always everything).
- You can knit right / left.
- It may have difficulty adjusting between layers – it is more difficult to "read" social situations or speech.
- This makes it difficult for us to find out which word to go if we take the starting letter (if you say the word "train" and ask which word we get if we remove the letter v).
- Difficulties in learning a foreign language.
Motivation and support are important
The child will be struggling with dyslexia throughout his life. It is therefore very important that awareness of his or her difficulties is not a source of stress. The parent should motivate the child and encourage him to stop working and not give up despite the initial failure.
It can also help in the following activities that a parent can practice with him every day:
- The child learns best through the game. If you go to the store, try to play it: How many foods can you find, which starts as its name (if Peťko is invited, you can find parsley, pepper, oranges …)
- Cut letters from hard paper, paint them, and try to create words related to them.
- Get the most out of your child by creating a word. Ask what word gets and if the word cat will take what word then gets and adds the clock. (words can be fictitious, do not make sense, it's important to teach them the sounds of letters).
The Council concludes – the child is the fastest with this disorder and will grow fast if not stressed but will feel your patience and support.