More than 90 percent of all cases of diabetes in the world are a second type of diabetes, which, according to experts, affects lifestyle and the environment.
Sometimes she was talking about a diabetic, but she was already present in children and young people. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity", says deputy chairman of the Slovak Association for Diabetes (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that the cause of overweight and obesity in young people Poor food with excessive consumption of high-energy, low-fiber foods.
"It is about the so-called Coca-colonization of life" says Schroner. An important factor, according to him, has already sited the lifestyle of children. The frequency of type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. We can say a significant increase in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, the second type of diabetes is most often found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western European countries, but according to Schroner, there is an increasing number of cases in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is still rarely present. "But we're worried that this situation will get worse," he says.
The basis of prevention and treatment are not drugs, but nonpharmacological measures, ie Healthy Diet and Exercise. "Great role plays as parents who lead the children to proper life. It is very important for children to have fun with physical activity, so a good choice is not a bicycle exercise, but for example skating, dancing or drinking " says Schroner. However, he adds that it is important that diabetes be the whole society.
"The genes allow another type of diabetes, but they do not do it" says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic sensitivity to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the onset of the disease. "Risk factors such as the frequency of diabetes in a direct family relationship or elevated blood sugar in the past are important. An increased risk is also present in women who had previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past or in the past " added Doničová.
Patients with some risk factors should be tested once a year. Even in patients who do not have a risk factor, it is recommended to test the blood sugar level every three years. According to the 2002 Sugar Disease Prevention Program, people with elevated levels of blood sugar reduced their risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared to patients who did not have any active substance, Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start exercising or changing nutritional habits," says SDK President Katarina Rašlová. He also believes that it is important to raise people's awareness of healthy food.