According to the National Health Insurance Statistics, the prescribing of antibiotics decreased in the number of daily doses per capita. From 2007 to 2017, the reduction is 23 percent. Halland County fell by 28 percent, while Gotland only reduced the recipe by one percent.
Determination of antibiotics for children decreased by 43 percent between 2007 and 2017. For persons older than 80, the development is considerably slower, with a fall of almost nine percent, according to the National Health Board. The daily dose is the average amount of medicine the patient is taking daily.
The trend is natural statement by Malin Grape, head of the Department of Antibiotics and Health Care at the Public Health Administration.
– The biggest reduction occurred among children. This is where we believe that most of the unnecessary recipes, such as common viral infections, have come up. From older people, we live longer than before and then become more sensitive to infections that could be treated with antibiotics. For those who really need antibiotics, we do not want to reduce the use, just unnecessary and incorrect treatment.
According to her, there are several reasons for a general decline.
"If you are aware of the problem, you will not go to a doctor with the expectation of printing antibiotics, making it easier for doctors to give up or wait for them to do so.
Reason for excessive use There are several reasons for antibiotics, says Axana Haggar, investigator and microbiologist in a dispute in the county administrative community. One of the reasons that has traditionally contributed to the treatment of the virus.
"You should never use antibiotics for viral infections, then nothing happens. In Sweden, it has fallen much, probably not so common. Internationally, we are good compared to many others.
According to Malin Grape, development is progressing, but because resistance is part of bacterial evolution, it is likely that it will not stop completely.
– Excessive use that has lasted for decades has led to a large increase. Resistant bacteria take advantage of the fact that other bacteria die, and then they can share these good traits from their perspective. Bacteria adapt to the environment, she says.
Several factors of less Printed recipes play to reduce the use of antibiotics to Axan Haggar.
– Everyone has help. Health, Nutrition and Pharmaceuticals. But it is very important to work preventively. We have seen a positive development in the development and follow up of cleanliness rules in hospitals and the like. If you do not get an infection, you do not usually need antibiotics, "she says.
If resistance to antibiotics continues to increase, Malin Grape will have big consequences.
"As a result, you can not prevent infections in the way that is needed for advanced health care, it is very difficult to perform certain operations or, for example, chemotherapy, then it can be very risky. You've already seen the consequences of increased morbidity, mortality and costs .
Despite the development It looks hard, according to Axan Haggar there is a light glue.
"I salute because we started to talk about it when it was raised to the highest international level, all countries will need to cooperate because the bacteria do not feel any limitations.