The Federal Council is convinced that the UN-Migration Pact is in the interest of Switzerland. October 10 agreed to agree with the statement. He did not recognize the need to act on the domestic agenda. By this assessment, the seven magistrates were completely wrong. At the latest since Austria withdrew from the agreement at the end of October, the agreement on the importance of the agreement was discussed in Switzerland. The SVP warned of the open borders, the free movement of people all over the world and the constant right to migration. The FDP National Adviser in Zurich Doris Fiala publicly warned that "the Swiss government should never sign such a thing, otherwise there would be a riot in the population.
Canceled trip to Marrakech?
The State Political Commission of the Council of States has also announced on Thursday that it is against the signing of the agreement. The commissioners recommend the Bundesrat with eight votes per two, with one restraint, to disagree with the pact. The uncertainty about the political implications of the Pact on Migration is still too great. With seven to four votes, they also adopted the proposal of SVP Council of State Peter Föhn, which requires the Federal Council to submit to the Parliament a request for approval in the form of a federal decision. No matter whether it should be subordinated to an optional referendum, it is still open, he writes in a letter from Friday. The councilors follow the national commission that decided the same last week.
Basically, the Federal Council could sit and watch the noise on the political floor with a safe distance. Since the so-called soft law on migration is a law, the state authority can decide within its jurisdiction whether to sign the document or not. Meanwhile, it seems the Federal Council is concerned. In Berlin, foreign policy makers say the Federal Council will not be represented in the official recognition of the migration pact in Morocco. The planned trip from President Alain Berset to Marrakech has already been canceled.
However, Jean-Marc Crevoisier, head of communications at the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, disagrees. The Federal Council is currently following a debate on the UN Migration Pact, Crevoisier said in connection with the decision to head the State Council's Foreign Affairs Committee. After concluding parliamentary hearings, they will decide in the coming weeks.
Critics hope for public pressure
Therefore, the possibility that the Bundesrat would not return to its decision on October 10 did not come from the table. Obviously, the Federal Council has now noticed that internal political explosive power in the meantime has developed a discussion about the UN migration pact. FDP's foreign politician Hans-Peter Portmann, who failed with a similarly formulated proposal as Peter Föhn at the National Council's Foreign Policy Committee, wants a member of the Federal Council to brave to file a request for a return. But probably more pressure is needed.
SVP President Albert Rösti also hopes for more political pressure. On Friday, he invited FDP leader Petra Gossi and HVS President Gerhard Pfister to the Federal Council, together with the SVP, that the signing should be suspended and that the treaty was subjected to a referendum. The population must be able to comment on the migration agreement, he says.
Whether Göss and Pfister comply with the demands of their colleagues, is open. Both were not available for comments on Friday. The decision should not be easy for them. Although critical voices increase in FDP and CVP. However, the resolute commitment of the Uno agreement is in the hands of the SVP, who wants to build this as a royal argument for self-determination. If it succeeds in presenting the pact as a primary example of an international overlapping of contracts, the da-camp, which currently stands at around 45 percent, can be firmly strengthened.
If the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Council of States stated that Monday was contrary to the confirmation of the migration pact, the likelihood that the Federal Alliance would renounce official recognition in Marrakech and return to its decision would be increased. This does not necessarily mean the end of the contract. The agreement can also be signed later. First, however, domestic political debates have to be conducted.
Review the responsibilities between parliament and the Bundesrat
As irrelevant and unjustified as part of the critique of the "Global Agreement on Migration," it does not come at all to discomfort. Already in the dispute over the dissolution of arms exports, the Federal Council had to capitulate and crawl out of massive resistance to the public. As in the Migration Pact, with him were his decision-making powers, harassed by numerous parliamentarians. The GDP proposal submitted in Nationalrat, which demands that it is no longer a federal council, but the parliament sets rules on arms exports, was clearly accepted in September.
Rather than embarking on a migration pact, there is a need to talk about responsibilities between federal councils and parliaments, says Elisabeth Schneider-Schneiter, National Committee of the Commission for Foreign Policy. Domestic policy is increasingly influenced by foreign policy in Switzerland. The Federal Council would be well advised to take that fact into account.